Post-liberalisation, the insurance industry in India has recorded significant growth. The Indian insurance industry is expected to grow to US$ 280 billion by FY2020, owing to the solid economic growth and higher personal disposable incomes in the country. Overall insurance penetration in India reached 3.69 per cent in 2017 from 2.71 per cent in 2001. Gross premiums written in India reached Rs 5.78 trillion (US$ 82.8 billion) in FY19, with Rs 4.08 trillion (US$ 58.5 billion) from life insurance and Rs 1.69 trillion (US$ 24.3 billion) from non-life insurance.
Over FY12–18, premium from new business of life insurance companies in India have increased at a 14.44 per cent CAGR to reach Rs 1.94 trillion (US$ 30.1 billion) and non-life insurance premiums (in Rs) increased at a CAGR of 16.65 per cent. In FY19, premium from new life insurance business increased 10.73 per cent year-on-year to Rs 2.15 trillion (US$ 30.7 billion).
Life insurance industry in the country is expected grow 12-15 per cent annually for the next three to five years.
In FY19, gross direct premiums of non-life insurers reached Rs 1.67 trillion (US$ 24.32 billion), showing a year-on-year growth rate of 12.86 per cent.
There are 24 life insurance and 33 non-life insurance companies in the Indian market who compete on price and services to attract customers. There are two reinsurance companies. The industry has been spurred by product innovation, vibrant distribution channels, coupled with targeted publicity and promotional campaigns by the insurers. The market share of private sector companies in the non-life insurance market rose from 13.12 per cent in FY03 to 54.7 per cent in FY19. In life insurance segment, private players had a market share of 25.29 per cent in new business in FY19.
Government has approved the ordinance to increase Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) limit in Insurance sector from 26 per cent to 49 per cent which would further help attract investments in the sector.
In 2017, insurance sector in India saw 10 merger and acquisition (M&A) deals worth US$ 903 million. Enrolments under the Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY) reached 130.41 million in 2017-18. National Health Protection Scheme was announced under Budget 2018-19 as a part of Ayushman Bharat. The scheme will provide insurance cover of up to Rs 500,000 (US$ 7,723) to more than 100 million vulnerable families in India.
Going forward, increasing life expectancy, favourable savings and greater employment in the private sector is expected to fuel demand for pension plans. Likewise, strong growth in the automotive industry over the next decade would be a key driver for the motor insurance market.