The rapid rise of robotics in India is a boon—the workforce of the future will not be replaced by robots, but will work hand-in-hand with them. However, this demands an overhaul of skill-sets and a revamp of how we approach education.
Technology is a core essential for every business today and is evolving rapidly, bringing changes to processes across sectors. The new era of robotics is set to reshape India’s entire economy.
A robot’s ability to work independently in the workshop and an ever-increasing capability to perform an expanding set of tasks has businesses eager to integrate them into the system as quickly as possible. Robots are no longer limited to the pages of science-fiction; the possible effects they can have on the economy is very much real. New robotics systems are not only improving productivity but are also bringing a greater meticulousness to the agriculture, manufacturing, healthcare, and construction sectors, as well as numerous other industries. Even sectors like finance are undergoing a ‘robo transformation’ by using robotics-driven analysis to deliver financial advice to banking clients. This age of robotics will not make us super-humans, but will augment everything that we do.
Robotics will play a major role in strengthening India's production capabilities, giving a massive boost to the Make in India campaign. There is also ample evidence that robotics does not lead to a loss of jobs—a re-allocation of both jobs and tasks can have robots complement and augment human labour by performing routine or dangerous tasks. This, in turn, places a premium on higher-skilled labour in sectors that feature automated labour, while also creating new lower-skilled jobs in other sectors due to the spill-over effect.
With regard to robotics in the education system, India may not have a history of having ready access to education technology, but it is heartening to see how a traditional sector like education is using robotics as an enabler. Currently, various technologies are being utilised effectively to further enhance this sector, while grabbing the attention of entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, and corporations. The use of robotics technology has proven itself to be worthy components of the educational system; they add value in day-to-day learning as well as the specialised education needs of students with disabilities. The use of robotics has helped in modifying education techniques for students, and will eventually create a more knowledgeable, well-adjusted environment for students.
From students to working professionals, the influx of robotics will increase the need for scientific education, and technology itself will allow them to have greater control of their own learning. New-gen learning systems, robotics and AI are becoming increasingly streamlined to enable unified learning, collaboration, and synchronous (virtual) as well as informal learning.
Robotics can be of immense use in every sector, but the technology has to be implemented properly to make the most of it. This begins with education. We may not be at the point of having robots as teachers, but learning and understanding robotics as a skill-set will help create a workforce that can meet the skill demands of the future.