Cotton Industry and Exports

Last Updated: July, 2018

Introduction

Cotton plays an important role in the Indian economy as the country's textile industry is predominantly cotton based. India is one of the largest producers as well as exporters of cotton yarn. The Indian textile industry contributes around 5 per cent to country’s gross domestic product (GDP), 14 per cent to industrial production and 11 per cent to total exports earnings. The industry is also the second-largest employer in the country after agriculture, providing employment to over 51 million people directly and 68 million people indirectly, including unskilled women. The textile industry is also expected to reach US$ 223 billion by the year 2021.

The states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Punjab are the major cotton producers in India.

Key Markets and Export Destinations

  • In India the total production of cotton was 33,915 thousand bales of 170 Kgs. each
  • Total value of textiles and apparel exports from India stood at US$ 37.85 billion in 2017-18.
  • During 2017-18, total cotton yarn exports stood at 1,097.39 million kgs.
  • For December 2017, cotton yarn, cotton fabrics, cotton made-ups and handloom products grew by 0.38 per cent and stood at US$ 938.57 million, up from US$ 935.05 million in December 2016.
  • Man-made yarn, man-made fabrics and made-ups witnessed growth of 6.77 per cent year-on-year in December 2017 at US$ 416.91 million.
  • India has overtaken Italy and Bangladesh, and is now the second largest textile & clothing exporter in the world, contributing around 5 per cent to the global textile and clothing trade.
  • Bangladesh is the biggest importer of cotton raw (including waste) from India with a value of US$ 737.94 million, followed by Vietnam (US$ 337.99 million), Pakistan (US$ 278.55 million), China (US$ 132.99 million) and Indonesia (US$ 117.07 million) among others.

Various reputed foreign retailers and brands such as Carrefour, Gap, H&M, JC Penney, Levi Strauss, Macy's, Marks & Spencer, Metro Group, Nike, Reebok, Tommy Hilfiger and WaI-Mart import Indian textile products.

Cotton Textile Export Promotion Council

The Cotton Textile Export Promotion Council (TEXPROCIL) takes part in national and international events to enhance the visibility of Indian products, advertises and promotes Indian products in various media vehicles such as fashion magazines, event-related pull-outs, India reports and leading trade magazines, and organises buyer-seller meets (BSM) and trade delegation visits.

India's cotton production is expected to grow by 3.8 per cent year-on-year to 35.1 million bales of 170 kg each for the year 2016-17.

India's export of cotton is projected at 5 million bales of 170 kg each in 2016-17.

Source: USDA

Other Export Promotion Councils:

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

Textprocil

Engineering Centre, 5th Floor
9, Mathew Road,
Mumbai - 400004
Maharashtra
India

Tel.:+91-22-23632910/ 23632911/ 23632912
Fax: +91-22-23632914
Email: info@texprocil.org
Website: www.texprocil.org

India's cotton production is expected to grow by 3.8 per cent year-on-year to 35.1 million bales of 170 kg each for the year 2016-17.

India's export of cotton is projected at 5 million bales of 170 kg each in 2016-17.

Source: USDA

Exports

Cotton Industry India