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Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)

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Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)

  • The company engages in the aerospace and defence sector.
  • The company’s three key products include Su-30 MKI Aircraft, LCA Tejas Aircraft and Dhruv - Advance Light Helicopter (ALH).
  • The company has offices in London, Moscow and nine manufacturing facilities in India.
  • Total income stood at Rs. 231.13 billion (US$ 3.11 billion) in FY21.

Established in 1940, Hindustan Aircraft Limited (HAL) operates as an aerospace and defence company. The company uses international design, under licence, to build and assemble aircraft and engines such as Prentice, Vampire and Gnat. It also designs and develops domestic aircraft. The company, in collaboration with the Inter-Continental Aircraft Company of USA, commenced its business of manufacturing Harlow Trainer, Curtiss Hawk Fighter and Vultee Bomber Aircraft.

Company Website:

HAL – Timeline and Key News


In September 2021, HAL is awaiting government approval for funding of  >Rs. 700 crore (US$ 94.79 million) to develop an indigenous High-altitude Pseudo Satellite (HAPS). This project is a part of the drone warfare programme being carried out for the defence forces.

In September 2021, HAL and Rolls-Royce have signed an agreement for Make-in-India Adour engine parts to support Rolls-Royce's international defence customer base. Through this partnership, Rolls-Royce aims to strengthen the ecosystem for Adour engines in India by building on HAL’s existing capabilities for manufacturing and supporting the Adour engines for Indian customers over several decades.

In August 2021, HAL placed an order for 99 F404-GE-IN20 engines and support services—worth US$ 716 million (Rs. 5,375 crore)—with GE Aviation (USA) to power the Tejas Light Combat Aircraft.

In August 2021, HAL successfully carried out the Ground Run and Low-speed Taxi Trials (LSTT) of the Hindustan-228 (VT-KNR) aircraft on August 15, 2021, for Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) ‘Type Certification’. The event was part of the 75th Anniversary of India’s Independence Day celebrations at HAL’s Kanpur facility.

In June 2021, three Advanced Light Helicopters (ALHs) produced by HAL were inducted into the Indian Coast Guard, boosting the ALH Mk-III Coast Guard programme.

In May 2021, HAL and Rolls-Royce signed an MoU to build support services for installation, packaging and marketing for Rolls-Royce MT30 marine engines in India.

HAL announced the completion of 140 Su-30MKI jets from raw material stage (phase 4).
2020 HAL delivered its biggest-ever cryogenic propellant tank.
HAL commenced spin flight tests of the Intermediate Jet Trainer in Bengaluru.
HAL’s Air Chief Marshall undertook the maiden flight sortie in the indigenous Light Combat Helicopter.
HAL's indigenously built LUH completed trails in hot weather and high altitudes in the Himalayas.
2019 HAL signed an MoU with RGNAU; Celebrated the ‘Golden Jubilee’ of HAL Management Academy.
2018 Successfully flew Light Utility Helicopter (LUH) from the Greenfield Helicopter Manufacturing facility in Tumakuru.
On March 28, 2018, HAL was listed on BSE and NSE.
2016 Laid the foundation for a new integrated facility to manufacture Light Utility Helicopters (LUH).
2014 A separate LCA Tejas division was established at Bengaluru.
2012 Established strategic electronics factory at Kasaragod, Kerala, a unit of HAL Hyderabad.
2007 A new Aircraft Composite Division (ACD) was formed.
Facilities Management Division was created.
2006 A new MRO division was created at Bengaluru to carry out ALH overhaul activities.
2002 Established a new division at Koraput.
2000 An independent profit centre for providing airport-related services was created.
1998 A new division called the ‘Industrial & Marine Gas Turbine’ division was formed.
1982 Started production of Swing-wing MiG-27M aircraft.
1973 Design wing was set up at Lucknow.
1970 A separate division was set up to manufacture 'Chetak' and 'Cheetah' Helicopters at Bengaluru.
1964 Aircraft manufacturing depot was set up.
1963 Aeronautics India Limited (AIL) was incorporated to manufacture MiG-21 aircraft.
1951 HAL was placed under the administrative control of Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
1941 Government of India became one of the shareholders in the company.
1940 Incorporated on December 23, 1940.


Defence Manufacturing
The Indian government has set the defence production target at US$ 25.00 billion by 2025 (including US$ 5 billion from exports by 2025). The government is taking several initiatives to encourage domestic manufacturing and reduce its external dependen