Trade Analytics
Shipping Industry & Ports in India
India's cargo traffic is expected to reach 1,758 MMT by 2017.

Indian Ports Analysis

Latest update: February, 2018

Cargo traffic at major ports in India:

  • Stood at 647.43 MMT in FY17, growing at a CAGR of 4.02 per cent from FY07-FY17.
  • During FY 2016-17, 12 major ports in India handled 647.43 (Million Tonnes) of cargo, showing a growth of 6.79 per cent in comparison to the same time during previous year.
  • As of March 2017, 16 new cargo scanners are installed across major ports in India. In the 1st phase, 5 of the 13 major ports i.e. Kamarajar (Ennore), New Mangalore, JNPT, Kolkata & Vizag will receive the scanners, which should be operational in the next 6 months.

Notes: MMT – Million Metric Tonnes, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, FY – Indian Financial Year (April–March)

Source: Deloitte, BMI, Financial Express

  • Between FY07– FY17, cargo traffic grew at CAGR 0.38 per cent
  • Over FY07–16, CAGR in the volume of different segments was as follows–
  • (i)Solid cargo was 2 per cent. (ii)Liquid cargo was 3.1 per cent. (iii)Container cargo was 6 per cent
  • Cargo traffic during FY17 (Till December 2016) for solid, liquid & container cargo was 230.8, 158.2 & 92.13 MMT, respectively
  • During April-October 2016, cargo traffic at 12 major ports in the country was reported at 370.04 MT, showing a growth of 6.27 per cent over the same period during the previous year

Source: Ministry of Shipping; Indian Ports Association (IPA)



Last Updated: February, 2018

India has 12 major ports and about 200 non-major ports. During the period April 2017 - January 2018, cargo traffic at major ports in the country was reported at 560.98 million tonnes (MT), showing a growth of 4.58 per cent over the same period last year.

Since ports handle almost 95 per cent of trade volumes in India, the rising trade has contributed significantly to the country’s cargo traffic. To support the growing demand, total cargo capacity in India is estimated to have reached to 2,493.1 MMT in FY17. Capacity at major Indian ports reached 1,358 MMT in December 2017. Capacity at non-major ports is expected to reach 968 MMT in 2019 from 750 MMT in 2016. Given the positive outlook, proposed investments in major ports are expected to total US$ 18.6 billion by 2020, while those in non-major ports would be US$ 28.5 billion.

In November 2016, Ministry of Shipping has sanctioned sum of US$ 1.49 million to Gujarat Maritime Board for capacity building and safety training of workers involved in ship recycling activities under Sagarmala. The Government of India has finalised master plans for 142 capacity expansion projects worth Rs 91,434 crore (US$ 14.19 billion) under the Sagarmala programme.

The Government of India has allowed foreign direct investment (FDI) of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours. A 10-year tax holiday is extended to enterprises engaged in the business of developing, maintaining, and operating ports, inland waterways, and inland ports. The government has also initiated National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP), an initiative to develop the maritime sector with a planned outlay of US$ 11.8 billion.

Sectoral Presentation (February, 2018)

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