Commerce Dashboard
Ports
The total traffic handled at major ports in 2019-20 was 704.63 million tonnes, showing an overall growth of 0.82 per cent from previous year in the traffic handled.

Shipping Industry & Ports in India

    Last updated on Sep, 4 2020

India has 12 major ports and around 200 non-major ports. In FY20, major ports in India handled 704.82 million tonnes (MT) of cargo traffic, implying a CAGR of 2.74 per cent during FY16-FY20. Cargo traffic at non-major ports reached 447.21 MT in FY20 (till December 2019).

Since ports handle almost 95 per cent of the trade volumes in India, the rising trade has contributed significantly to country’s cargo traffic. The major ports had a capacity of 1,514.09 MT per annum (MTPA) by FY19P. Given the positive outlook, proposed investment in major ports is expected to total US$ 18.6 billion by 2020, while those in non-major ports will be around US$ 28.5 billion.  Turnaround time at major ports in India has decreased at a rapid pace from 82.32 hours in FY17 to 64.69 hours in FY20 (till September 2019).

India’s merchandise export decreased 4.78 per cent y-o-y to reach US$ 314.31 billion in FY20.

In November 2019, the first ever movement of container cargo on Brahmaputra (National Waterway -2) focused on improving the connectivity to North Eastern Region (NER).

As of November 2019, projects worth Rs 13,308.41 crore (US$ 1.90 billion) were awarded on upgradation of major ports. The Ministry of Shipping has sanctioned a sum of US$ 1.49 million to Gujarat Maritime Board for capacity building and safety training of workers involved in ship recycling activities under Sagarmala. The Government of India has finalized master plans for 142 capacity expansion projects worth Rs 91,434 crore (US$ 14.19 billion) under the Sagarmala programme. Approximately, 10,000 jobs were created through projects initiated under Sagarmala over the last three years. In August 2019, India became the first country in the world to issue Biometric Seafarer Identity Document (BSID), capturing the facial bio-metric data of seafarers.

The Government of India has allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours.  Ports received a cumulative FDI of US$ 1.64 billion between April 2000 and March 2020. A 10-year tax holiday is extended to enterprises engaged in the business of developing, maintaining, and operating ports, inland waterways, and inland ports. The Government has also initiated National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP), an initiative to develop the maritime sector with a planned outlay of US$ 11.8 billion. In Union Budget 2020-21, the Ministry of Shipping has been allocated Rs 1,800 crore (US$ 257.22 million). The Government had undertaken 55 rail projects worth Rs 45,883.2 crore (US$ 6.57 billion) and 15 road projects of Rs 2,899 crore (US$ 0.41 billion) for the enhancement of port connectivity at various major and minor ports in 2019.

Government plans to replace old Lighthouse Act, 1927, with Aids to Navigation Bill, 2020, and incorporate global best practices, technological developments, and India's International obligations in the field of Aids to Marine Navigation.

On July 16, 2020, the first trial container ship was flagged off from Kolkata to Agartala through Chattogram Port of Bangladesh. It will provide an alternate and shorter route to connect the Northeast region through Bangladesh and open doors of new opportunities for both the countries.

 

* - Merchandise trade

Indian Ports Industry Report (August, 2020)
Download PDF Download PDF  (Size: 523.62 KB )

Click to access the Ports Industry Archived Report

Posters

Brand India Pharma

PORTS INDIA SHIPPING

+ More >

Brand India Pharma

IBEF Publications

IBEF Publication

Agri Export Policy - Towards smoother trade, wider global presence

English

+ More Publications >

IBEF Publication

IBEF Blog - INDIA ADDA – PERSPECTIVES ON INDIA More

author_logo-ibef1.jpg An analysis of export preparedness Index by NITI Aayog
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

India is a vast and geographically diverse country with 28 States and 8 Union Territories (UT). India plans to become a US$ 5 trillion economy by 2024 and th...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Major changes announced in the National Education Policy 2020
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

On July 29, 2020, Union Cabinet approved the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, which is the first education policy of the 21st century and has replaced the...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Immunity Boosting Products – Renewed focus during COVID-19 crisis
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

The world is going through an unprecedented crisis with COVID-19. Scientists are working aggressively to find vaccine for the disease. In the meantime, the solution is to...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg India’s journey from manufacturing zero PPE kits to two lakh PPE kits per day
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

India was manufacturing nearly zero PPE kits until January 2020. It was manufacturing only medical gowns, which was just one of the components of the kit, whereas, no PPE...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Self-Reliant India Movement: An opportunity
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

At a time when the world is suffering from a deadly pandemic, India plans to convert this crisis into an opportunity and strengthen its fight by becoming Aatmanirbhar or ...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg EXPORT OF MOBILE PHONES FROM INDIA: OVER 100% GROWTH IN FY20
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

Smartphones market in India have witnessed a phenomenal growth in the past few years. India overtook the United States (US) to become the second-largest smartphone market...

ideas More

Ideas

Zomato: Top Of The Food Chain
Zomato, an Indian start-up is in the business of online food ordering. It initially launched Foodiebay.com in Gurugram in 2008, a website that scanned menus and provided ratings and recommendations on....

JOIN IBEF.org

Join IBEF.org now. Enjoy FREE subscriptions downloads, updates and more.

Error

Already a member?
Login / Retrieve Password