Ports
Ports in India handle around 95 per cent of international trade volume of the country.

Shipping Industry & Ports in India

Latest update: September, 2018

  • In FY17, cargo capacity in India is estimated to have increased to 2,493.1 MMT from 1,806.8 MMT in FY15. The Maritime Agenda 2010-20 has a 2020 target of 3,130 MT of port capacity
  • India has 12 major ports. Under the National Perspective Plan for Sagarmala, six new mega ports will be developed in the country.
  • By FY17, cargo capacity at major ports grew to 1,065 MMT from 965 in FY16. As of December 2017, major ports had a capacity of 1,358 MMT.
  • The average turnaround time of major ports improved to 3.44 days in FY17 from 4.01 days in FY15
  • In FY18, major ports in India handled 679.36 MMT of cargo traffic, showing a CAGR of 2.73 per cent during FY08-18.
Growth

Notes: E – Estimates, MMT - Million Metric Tonnes , * As of December 2017
Source: Ministry of Shipping

Cargo traffic at major ports in India:

  • Stood at 679.36 MMT in FY18, growing at a CAGR of 2.73 per cent from FY08-18.
  • In March 2017, 16 new cargo scanners were installed across major ports in India. In the 1st phase, 5 of the 13 major ports i.e. Kamarajar (Ennore), New Mangalore, JNPT, Kolkata and Vizag will receive the scanners.
Growth

Notes: MMT – Million Metric Tonnes, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, FY – Indian Financial Year (April–March)
Source: Ministry of Shipping

Last Updated: September, 2018

India has 12 major ports and about 200 non-major ports. Under the National Perspective Plan for Sagarmala, six new mega ports will be developed in the country. During FY18, cargo traffic at major ports in the country was reported at 679.36 million tonnes (MT), showing a growth of 4.77 per cent over the same period last year. In FY19 (up to August 2018) traffic increased 5.13 per cent year-on-year to 288.38 million tonnes.

Since ports handle almost 95 per cent of trade volumes in India, the rising trade has contributed significantly to the country’s cargo traffic. Capacity at major Indian ports reached 1,451 million tonnes by March 2018. Capacity at non-major ports is expected to reach 968 MMT in 2019 from 750 MMT in 2016. Given the positive outlook, proposed investments in major ports are expected to total US$ 18.6 billion by 2020, while those in non-major ports would be US$ 28.5 billion.

In November 2016, Ministry of Shipping has sanctioned sum of US$ 1.49 million to Gujarat Maritime Board for capacity building and safety training of workers involved in ship recycling activities under Sagarmala. The Government of India has finalised master plans for 142 capacity expansion projects worth Rs 91,434 crore (US$ 14.19 billion) under the Sagarmala programme. As of March 2018, projects worth Rs 1.85 lakh crore (US$ 28.70 billion) had been awarded under Sagarmala programme.

The Government of India has allowed foreign direct investment (FDI) of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours.  Ports sector in India has received a cumulative FDI of US$ 1.64 billion between April 2000 and June 2018. A 10-year tax holiday is extended to enterprises engaged in the business of developing, maintaining, and operating ports, inland waterways, and inland ports. The government has also initiated National Maritime Development Programme (NMDP), an initiative to develop the maritime sector with a planned outlay of US$ 11.8 billion.

Indian Ports Industry Report (September, 2018)

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Indian Ports Industry Report (July, 2018)

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Click to access the Ports Industry Archived Report

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