Ports in India handle around 95 per cent of international trade volume of the country.

List of Major Seaports in India

Latest update: July, 2018

  • In FY17, cargo capacity in India is estimated to have increased to 2,493.1 MMT from 1,806.8 MMT in FY15. The Maritime Agenda 2010-20 has a 2020 target of 3,130 MT of port capacity
  • India has 12 major ports. Under the National Perspective Plan for Sagarmala, six new mega ports will be developed in the country.
  • By FY17, cargo capacity at major ports grew to 1,065 MMT from 965 in FY16. As of December 2017, major ports had a capacity of 1,358 MMT.
  • The average turnaround time of major ports improved to 3.44 days in FY17 from 4.01 days in FY15
  • In FY18, major ports in India handled 679.36 MMT of cargo traffic, showing a CAGR of 2.73 per cent during FY08-18.

Notes: E – Estimates, MMT - Million Metric Tonnes , * As of December 2017
Source: Ministry of Shipping

Cargo traffic at major ports in India:

  • Stood at 679.36 MMT in FY18, growing at a CAGR of 2.73 per cent from FY08-18.
  • In March 2017, 16 new cargo scanners were installed across major ports in India. In the 1st phase, 5 of the 13 major ports i.e. Kamarajar (Ennore), New Mangalore, JNPT, Kolkata and Vizag will receive the scanners.

Notes: MMT – Million Metric Tonnes, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, FY – Indian Financial Year (April–March)
Source: Ministry of Shipping

The Great Eastern Shipping Co Ltd

The company has two main business: shipping and offshore. The shipping business is involved in transportation of crude oil, petroleum products, gas and dry bulk commodities. The offshore business services to the oil companies in carrying out offshore exploration and production activities, through its subsidiary Greatship (India) Ltd. The shipping...

About The Great Eastern Shipping Co Ltd>

Marmagao Port

Mormugao Port, Goa, is one of the oldest ports on the west coast of India, with a fine natural harbour, has been relentlessly serving the nation in its economic development for over a century. The Port was declared a Major Port on 2, 1963. The port is one of the 12 major ports in India. Excellent facilities, high productivity, streamlined admin...

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Kolkata Port Trust

Commissioned in 1870, the journey of the first major as well as the only riverine port of the country continues through the tortuous process of ebb and tide, expectancy and challenges, intricately woven with the varying draft/siltation of the river Hooghly which cradles it, as it continues to adapt and re-engineer itself in newer locales and divers...

About Kolkata Port Trust>

Krishnapatnam Port Co Ltd

Krishnapatnam Port Co Ltd (KPCL) was formed by winning the mandate from the Government of Andhra Pradesh to develop the existing minor port into modern, deep water and high productivity port, on build-operate-share-transfer (BOST) concession basis for 50 years. The port is being built in three phases. Post the completion of the first phase in a rec...

About Krishnapatnam Port Co Ltd>

Shahi Shipping Ltd

Shahi Shipping Ltd, established in 1985, is a Public Limited Company mainly engaged in barge operations and port-related activities. The company has a fleet of 22 vessels as on March 31, 2013. It comprises of Mini Bulk Carriers, General Cargo Carriers, Chemical Carriers, Petroleum Carriers, Water Supply Barges, Tugs and launches. The company is ...

About Shahi Shipping Ltd>

APM Terminals

APM Terminals is lifting global trade with a global terminal network of 20,300 professionals and 186 port and inland services operations in 63 countries around the globe. The company designs, builds and operates ports and inland services. The world’s leading brands and shipping lines rely on APM Terminals to ensure their supply chains and glo...

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Essar Shipping

Essar Shipping is an integrated logistics solution provider with investments in logistics services, sea transportation and oilfield drilling services. Essar's logistics business provides end-to-end logistics services - from ships to ports, lighterage services to plants, intra-plant logistics and dispatching finished products to the final custome...

About Essar Shipping>

Mangalore Port

Mangalore Port is a modern all-weather port situated at Panambur, Mangalore, on the west coast of India, 170 nautical miles south of Mormugao and 191 nautical miles north of Cochin Port. The Mangalore Harbour Projects started in 1962, and was completed in 1974. The Mangalore Port is the ninth major port in India and was formally inaugurated in 1...

About Mangalore Port>

Tuticorin Port

The Tuticorin Port has been named as the VO Chidambaranar Port. It is strategically placed close to the East-West international sea routes on the southeastern coast of India. Located in the Gulf of Mannar, with Sri Lanka on the southeast and the Indian land mass on the west, this port is well sheltered from storms and cyclonic winds. The port is op...

About Tuticorin Port>

Ennore Port

Ennore Port was recently renamed as Kamarajar Port. Kamarajar Port is located on the Coromandel Coast, about 24 km north of Chennai Port, Chennai, and is the 12th major port of India. The port was declared as a major port under the Indian Ports Act, 1908 in March 1999 and incorporated as Ennore Port Ltd under the Companies Act, 1956 in October 1999...

About Ennore Port>

Cochin Port

Cochin Port is one of the major ports between the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean, situated in the state of Kerala in India. It is also one of the largest ports in the country and is governed by the Cochin Port Trust. It was first opened for commercial use in 1928. Cochin is presently the fastest growing logistic centre emerging into a major I...

About Cochin Port>


Kandla Port plays a major role in the country's international trade. Having notched up a string of successes, it has emerged as a forerunner and has carved a niche for itself by its steady growth and economy of operations. It is situated in the Kandla Creek and is 90 km from the mouth of the Gulf Of Kachchh. It is a protected natural harbou...


Paradip Port

Paradip Port is the only major Port in the state of Odisha, which is situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam. Founded by late Sri Biju Patnaik, the then Chief Minister of Odisha, the port is managed by the Government of India. Paradip Port has been declared as the eight major port of the countr...

About Paradip Port>


Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) was developed to relieve the pressure off Mumbai port and was commissioned in 1989. It serves most of North India and has good hinterland connectivity through road and rail networks. JNPT is a container-focused port with container traffic of 57.9 million metric tonnes (MMT), and handled traffic up to 64.5 MMT in F...

About JNPT>


Established in 1881, Chennai Port is the third oldest port among the 12 major ports of India. It has a terminal shunting yard and runs its own railway operations inside the harbour. The port’s railway lines run up to 68 kilometres (km) and handled 4360 rakes (239412 wagons) and an all-time high of 61.06 million tonnes (MT) of cargo in the period ...


Mundra Port

Mundra Port Mundra Special Economic Zone Ltd (MSEZL) was incorporated in November 2003, to set up an special economic zone (SEZ) at Mundra. MSEZL was merged with Gujarat Adani Port Ltd (GAPL) in April 2006 and the company was renamed as Mundra Port and Special Economic Zone Limited, to reflect the nature of business. The board of MPSEZL on Nov...

About Mundra Port>


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