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About Arunachal Pradesh: Information on Geography, Industries & Economy

Latest update: March, 2019

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Itanagar
  • Geographical Area (sq km):83,743
  • State Language:Assamese, Bengali, Hindi and English
  • Literacy Rate:65.38 per cent
  • Key Industries:Arts and Crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, carpet weaving, wood carving, ornaments, tourism and horticulture

Last Updated: March, 2019

arunachal pradesh State Report | June, 2019

Arunachal Pradesh is the largest among the seven states located in the Northeast of India, with an area of 83,743 sq km. It shares its borders with the neighbouring countries of Bhutan in the west, China (Tibet) in the north and northeast, Myanmar in the east and southeast and the Indian states of Assam and Nagaland in the south. The geographic location of the state provides immense opportunities for international trade with South Asian countries such as Myanmar, Bhutan and China.

Between 2011-12 and 2017-18, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) increased at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 14.06 per cent to Rs 243.53 billion (US$ 3.78 billion) whereas the per capita GSDP increased at a CAGR of 11.79 per cent to Rs 154,229 (US$ 2,393).

The land is mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges running north-south. The state is divided into five river valleys - the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. These river valleys have immense hydropower potential, currently estimated at 50,328 MW, or approximately 22 per cent of India's current power generating capacity. As of May 2019, the installed hydropower capacity in Arunachal Pradesh is 116.55 megawatt (MW).

The state's economy is largely agrarian, based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, oilseeds, cereals, potato, and pineapple. In 2018-19* total horticulture production reached 213.87 thousand metric tonnes.

Some of the other key industries of the state include art and crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, horticulture, power and mineral based industry. Due to its topography, the state has varied agro-climatic conditions suitable for horticulture of flowers and aromatic and medicinal plants. Arunachal Pradesh is home to 601 species of orchids, or 52 per cent of the species of orchids known in India, indicating a huge potential for attracting tourists, especially foreign ones.

The state and central governments have both offered huge fiscal and policy incentives for the development of thrust sectors in the state. Some of these policies include Public Private Partnership Policy 2011, the State Industrial Policy 2008 and the Hydro Power Policy 2008. In October 2014, the According to the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), FDI inflows to the Northeast states totalled to US$ 116 million from April 2000 to March 2019.

Key Sectors:

  • Power: As of May 2019, Arunachal Pradesh had a total installed power generation capacity of 336.92 MW, comprising 116.55 MW from hydro, 136.50 MW from renewable energy sources (RES) and 83.87 MW from thermal.
  • Agriculture and Forest-Based Industries: The state is largest producer of kiwis in India and the second largest producer of large cardamom. The state also has various inland fisheries resources.
  • Tourism: Tourist arrivals in the state reached 451,152 in 2017 with 444,005 domestic visitors and 7,147 foreign visitors.
  • Textiles: Under the ‘North East Region Textile Promotion Scheme’, 24 sericulture projects are being implemented in for holistic development of sericulture in the state. The projects have been approved for implementation from FY15-19 with a cost of Rs 920.78 crore (US$ 127.4 million). Raw silk production in the state reached 54 metric tonnes in 2017-18 and 44 MT in FY19 (up to December 2018).

*As per 1st Advance estimates by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Factfile

  • Capital:Itanagar
  • Geographical Area (sq km):83,743
  • State Language:Assamese, Bengali, Hindi and English
  • Literacy Rate:65.38 per cent
  • Key Industries:Arts and Crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, carpet weaving, wood carving, ornaments, tourism and horticulture
Arunachal Pradesh Map

Arunachal Pradesh