Last updated on Nov, 17 2020
Nagaland is one of the seven northeast states and is located on India’s farthest east side. The state is flanked by Myanmar in the east, Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Assam in the west, and Manipur in the south.
The state has considerable resources of natural minerals, petroleum, and hydropower. It has unexploited reserves of around 600 million metric tonnes (MT) of crude oil and more than 20 MT of hydrocarbon. Moreover, the state has 315 MT of coal reserves and 1,038 MT of limestone reserves.
The agro-climatic conditions in Nagaland provide commercial opportunities for floriculture and horticulture. The state has 650 indigenous species of medicinal and aromatic plants. The state is estimated to have the potential to produce 15,000 MT of honey and 100 MT of wax, which together could generate around US$ 100 million annually. Moreover, the production of honey during 2018-19 was recorded to be 70 metric tonnes.
Bamboo is found extensively in Nagaland, with bamboo growing stock covering nearly 5% of the total stock in the country. As of 2018, Nagaland had 46 species of bamboo. Production of raw silk in the Nagaland stood at about 620 MT in 2018-19 and 600 MT in 2019-20.
As of August 2020, Nagaland had a total installed power generation capacity of 174.53 MW, of which 142.86 MW was under the central sector, 30.67 MW under state utilities and 1.00 MW under the private sector. Of the total installed power-generation capacity, 81.03 MW was contributed by thermal, 61.83 MW by hydro and 31.67 MW by renewable energy.
Total export from the state stood at US$ 2.78 million during 2018-19 and US$ 5.33 million in FY20*.
The state provides institutional support through various central and state government agencies viz., North East Council, Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region and Nagaland Industrial Development Council.
The state offers excellent policy and fiscal incentives for agro-based and forest-based industries, horticulture, food processing, mining, tourism, and the handlooms and handicrafts sectors. Industrial centres and special economic zones (SEZs) are being developed to enhance the marketability of products. As of August 2020, the state had two formally approved SEZs.
According to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflow in Nagaland** stood at US$ 122 million between April 2000 and September 2019.
Nagaland promotes bamboo processing as an enterprise, covering various applications such as food-based, medicinal usage, handicraft, art, tiles, and flooring. Nagaland Bamboo Development Agency (NBDA) is the nodal office that coordinates with other offices for all bamboo-related research, development, and business applications. In FY21, the annual allocation for implementing the ‘National Bamboo Mission’ in Nagaland stood at Rs. 60 million (US$ 820 thousand).
Nagaland has a rich wealth of flora and fauna. Favourable climatic and geographical conditions in the state offer tremendous scope for floriculture.
Nagaland has a suitable climate for agricultural and horticultural produce. It supports multiple crops like rice, maize, millet, gram, mustard, bean, sugarcane, rubber, tea, banana, pineapple, orange, jackfruit, pear, plum, passion fruit, litchi, mango, lemon, sweet lime, potato, sweet potato, tapioca, tomato, pea, chilly, ginger, garlic, and cardamom, etc.
Pleasant climate, green hills, criss-crossing rivers, interspersed lakes, vibrant culture, colourful handicrafts and weavings, and numerous festivals make Nagaland a tourist’s paradise. Creation of tourist complexes, eco-tourism, adventure tourism, ethnic culture tourism, health farms, hotels, convention centres, tourist travel services, etc. are various avenues for investment in the sector. In 2019, domestic tourist arrivals in the state were 125,949 and Foreign tourist arrivals had crossed over 5,577.
Note: MW - Megawatt, *-Till December 2019, **- includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura
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