Nagaland's petroleum reserves stood at 2.38 million tons in 2021.
Nagaland is one of the seven northeast states and is located on India’s farthest east side. The state is flanked by Myanmar in the east, Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Assam in the west, and Manipur in the south.
The state has considerable resources of natural minerals, petroleum, and hydropower. It has unexploited reserves of around 600 million metric tonnes (MT) of crude oil and more than 20 MT of hydrocarbons. Moreover, the state has 315 MT of coal reserves and 1,038 MT of limestone reserves.
The agro-climatic conditions in Nagaland provide multiple commercial opportunities for floriculture and horticulture. The state has 650 indigenous species of medicinal and aromatic plants. In 2021-22, the total production of horticulture crops in the state was estimated at 842.26 thousand metric tonnes and the area under production was 90.14 thousand hectares. In the same year, the total production of vegetables and fruits were estimated at 457.92 thousand MT and 316.59 thousand MT, respectively.
As of August 2022, Nagaland has a total installed power generation capacity of 207.07 MW, of which 172.36 MW was under the central sector, 31.67 GW under state utilities and 3.04 GW under the private sector. Out of the total installed power generation capacity, 106.03 MW was contributed by thermal, 66.33 MW by hydro and 34.71 MW by renewable energy.
Total exports from the state stood at US$ 1.14 million in 2021-22 and US$ 0.31 million in 2022-23 (till August 2022). In July 2021, Nagaland's first agriculture crop to have a GI (Geographical Indicator) registration, Naga King Chilli (also known as Raja Mircha) was exported to international markets.
The state provides institutional support through various central and state government agencies viz., the North East Council, the Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region and the Nagaland Industrial Development Council.
The state offers excellent policy and fiscal incentives for agro-based and forest-based industries, horticulture, food processing, mining, tourism, and the handloom and handicraft sectors. Industrial centres and special economic zones (SEZs) are being developed to enhance the marketability of products. As of July 2021, the state has two formally approved SEZs.
In March 2022, NagaEd, a leading digital education company, acquired FDI from Australia and Singapore, thus becoming the first company to bring in FDI into Nagaland.
In September 2022, Mr. Mansukh Mandaviya, Minister of Health and Family Welfare, and Chemicals and Fertilizers, has pledged to provide the Nagaland administration complete help in enhancing the healthcare system in the northeastern state. The Nagaland government has been striving to introduce the Chief Minister's Health Insurance Scheme (CMHIS) this year in an effort to give the state's residents better healthcare.
Nagaland promotes bamboo processing as an enterprise, covering various applications such as food-based, medicinal usage, handicraft, art, tiles, and flooring. The Nagaland Bamboo Development Agency (NBDA) is the nodal office that coordinates with other offices for all bamboo-related research, development, and business applications. In FY21, the annual allocation for implementing the ‘National Bamboo Mission’ in Nagaland stood at Rs. 60 million (US$ 820,000).
Nagaland has a suitable climate for agricultural and horticultural produce. It supports multiple crops like rice, maize, millet, gram, mustard, bean, sugarcane, rubber, tea, banana, etc. In the State Budget 2022-23, Rs. 33.23 crore (US$ 4.34 million) was allocated for the agriculture & allied sector.
In December 2021, Nagaland's Department of Agriculture launched the State Agriculture Portal (SAP), nagafarmer.nagaland.gov.in, to provide responsive and effective administration and a user-friendly platform for the welfare of the farmers and the farming community.
Agro-climatic conditions in the state are conducive for the development of sericulture. Mulberry, muga, eri, oak-tussar and silk are widely cultivated in Nagaland.
Pleasant climate, green hills, criss-crossing rivers, interspersed lakes, a vibrant culture, colourful handicrafts and weavings, and numerous festivals make Nagaland a tourist’s paradise. Creation of tourist complexes, eco-tourism, adventure tourism, ethnic culture tourism, health farms, hotels, convention centres, tourist travel services, etc. are various avenues for investment in the sector. In 2021, domestic tourist arrivals in the state were 23,968 and foreign tourist arrivals were 325. Under the State Budget 2022-23, the Department of Tourism has been provided with an allocation of Rs. 9 crore (US$ 1.17 million).
Note: MW - Megawatt
Union Minister for Road Transport, Highways and MSMEs, Mr. Nitin Gadkari inaugurated a major National Highways (NH) project in Nagaland and laid foundation stones for 14 other NH projects with total length of about 266 KM and cost of about Rs. 4,127 crore (US$ 558.93 million).
UDAN 4.0, a scheme under the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA), has invited bids for 6 underserved and 24 unserved airports/airstrips in the North-East states of India with a focus on connectivity to the region.
Ministry of Tourism has sanctioned 18 projects covering all the North Eastern States for Rs 1,456 crore (US$ 208.3 million) for development and promotion of tourism.
New Delhi: Retirement fund body EPFO has allowed enrolment of new members without Aadhaar in Assam, Meghalaya and Nagaland, on account of low penetration of the 12 digit unique identity number in these states.