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About Meghalaya: Information on Tourism, Industries, Economy, Agriculture & Geography

Latest update: May, 2018

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture

Last Updated: May, 2018

MEGHALAYA State Report | May, 2018

Meghalaya is located in the Northeast of India. The state shares its border on the north and east with Assam and on the south and west with Bangladesh.

Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, jute and mesta. The state has achieved success in the cultivation of non-traditional crops like tea, cashew nut, oilseeds, tomato, mushroom, wheat, etc. During 2017-18, the state produced 443.02 thousand tonnes of fruits and 92.62 thousand tonnes of spices.

Passenger traffic at Barapani airport, Meghalaya during 2017-18 stood at 12,957. The figure reached 1,479 in April 2018.

As of May 2018, Meghalaya had a total installed power generation capacity of 567.70 MW, comprising 353.03 MW from state utilities and 214.55 MW from central utilities. Of the total installed power generation capacity, 396.46 MW was contributed by hydropower, 140.09 MW by thermal power, and 31.05 MW by renewable power. The potential for hydropower (above 25 MW) in the state is estimated to be 2,298 MW.

Meghalaya, with abundant deposits of coal, limestone, kaolin feldspar, quartz, granite, industrial clay and uranium and a small deposit base of sillimanite, bauxite, base metals and apatite has great industrial potential.

Meghalaya, one of the most picturesque states in the country, has two National Parks and three wildlife sanctuaries. It offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking & trekking, water sports, etc.

According to the DIPP, cumulative FDI inflows to the North-eastern states, during April 2000 to December 2017, stood at US$ 104 million.

Key Sectors:

  • Turmeric produced in the state of Meghalaya is considered to be one of the best in the world as it contains 7.5 per cent of curcumin.
  • The state has huge potential for development of hydropower. As of May 2018, only 322 MW of hydropower capacity is under operation in the state.
  • The state also has tremendous potential for tourism. Number of tourists visiting Meghalaya increased from 839,363 in 2016 to 1,002,907 in 2017.

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture
Meghalaya Map

Meghalaya