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About Meghalaya: Information on Tourism, Industries, Economy, Agriculture & Geography

Last updated on Nov, 9 2021

Per capita Income
Per capita Income
 

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture

MEGHALAYA State Report | September, 2021

Meghalaya is located in the northeast of India. The state shares its border on the north and the east with Assam and on the south and the west with Bangladesh.

Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, jute, and mesta. The state has achieved success in the cultivation of non-traditional crops like tea, cashew nuts, oilseeds, tomato, mushroom, wheat, etc. During 2019–20*, the state produced 393.51 thousand tonnes of fruits and 75.38 thousand tonnes of spices.

At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Meghalaya reached Rs. 0.35 trillion (US$ 4.17 billion) in 2020-21. The state’s GSDP (in Rs.) increased at a CAGR of 6.74% between 2015-16 and 2020-21.

As of April 2021, Meghalaya had a total installed power generation capacity of 616.03 MW, comprising 354.53 MW from state utilities, 13.92 from private utilities and 247.58 MW from central utilities. Of the total installed power generation capacity, 409.27 MW was contributed by hydropower, 160.31 MW by thermal power and 46.45 MW by renewable power.

Meghalaya, with abundant deposits of coal, limestone, kaolin feldspar, quartz, granite, industrial clay and uranium, and a small deposit base of sillimanite, bauxite, base metals and apatite has a great industrial potential.

Meghalaya, one of the most picturesque states in the country, has two national parks and three wildlife sanctuaries. It offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking and trekking, water sports, etc.

In FY21, passenger traffic at Barapani Airport reached 5,690 and aircraft movements at the airport stood at 146.  

According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in Meghalaya** stood at US$ 122 million, during April 2000 and September 2019.

Total merchandise exports from Meghalaya stood at US$ 10.64 million in FY21.

Key Sectors:

  • In FY21, Meghalaya Farmers Mobilisation Project will be implemented at a cost of Rs. 5.12 billion (US$ 69.55 million) over a five-year period. Programmes will be launched for the establishment of cluster-based, farmer owned and farmer-operated markets.
  • Limestone production in Meghalaya stood at ~6.9 million tonnes in FY20.
  • Exports of coal, coke and briquettes stood at US$ 0.70 million in FY21.
  • In 2019, foreign tourist arrivals and domestic tourist visits in the state stood at 0.03 million and 1.25 million, respectively.

Note: * - As per 2019-20 (3rd Adv. Est.), MW - Megawatt, **- includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture
Meghalaya Map

Meghalaya