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About Meghalaya: Information on Tourism, Industries, Economy, Agriculture & Geography

Latest update: April, 2018

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture

Last Updated: April, 2018

MEGHALAYA State Report | April, 2018

Meghalaya is located in the Northeast of India. The state shares its border on the north and east with Assam and on the south and west with Bangladesh.

Meghalaya’s GSDP stood at US$ 4.59 billion in 2016-17. The state’s GSDP grew at a CAGR of 6.81 per cent between 2011-12 and 2016-17.

Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, jute and mesta. Meghalaya has a strong floriculture sector and is one of the leading states in the Northeast in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. The state has achieved success in the cultivation of non-traditional crops like tea, cashew nut, oilseeds, tomato, mushroom, wheat, etc. During 2016-17, the state produced 447.27 thousand tonnes of fruits and 92.20 thousand tonnes of spices.

Of the 6,000 medicinal plants in India, 834 plants, including the famous Himalayan Yew, are in Meghalaya. Moreover, the state has eight of the top 20 medicinal plants that are traded in the country and are in high demand.

As of January 2018, Meghalaya had a total installed power generation capacity of 558.37 MW, comprising 353.03 MW from state utilities and 205.28 MW from central utilities. Of the total installed power generation capacity, 387.19 MW was contributed by hydropower, 140.09 MW by thermal power, and 31.09 MW by renewable power. The potential for hydropower in the state is estimated to be around 3,000 MW.

Meghalaya, with abundant deposits of coal, limestone, kaolin feldspar, quartz, granite, industrial clay and uranium and a small deposit base of sillimanite, bauxite, base metals and apatite has great industrial potential.

Meghalaya, one of the most picturesque states in the country, has two National Parks and three wildlife sanctuaries. It offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking & trekking, water sports, etc.

Agro-processing, horticulture, minerals, tourism, electronics and IT have been identified as thrust sectors for development and promotion. The state provides excellent institutional support through various central and state government agencies, namely North East Council, Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region, and Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation.

According to the DIPP, cumulative FDI inflows to the North-eastern states, during April 2000 to December 2017, stood at US$ 104 million.

Key Sectors:

  • Meghalaya is one of the leading north-eastern states in terms of production and supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. The state’s climate, particularly the areas near Shillong in East Khasi hills district, is well suited for cut flower production.
  • Meghalaya is one of the leading producers of bamboo in the country. Bamboo enterprises can be developed from the bamboo reserves and forest cultivations. Natural bamboo forests cover 3,108 square kilometers (14 per cent) of Meghalaya’s total geographical area.
  • Meghalaya has a climate that supports agricultural and horticultural activities. The state offers potential for investment in these areas.
  • Meghalaya is richly endowed with flora, fauna, thick forests, ancient forest groves, large rivers and grass fields – making it an attractive tourism destination.

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture
Meghalaya Map

Meghalaya