Trade Analytics

About Meghalaya: Information on Tourism, Industries, Economy, Agriculture & Geography

Latest update: December, 2019

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture

Last Updated: December, 2019

MEGHALAYA State Report | December, 2019

Meghalaya is located in the Northeast of India. The state shares its border on the north and east with Assam and on the south and west with Bangladesh.

Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, jute and mesta. The state has achieved success in the cultivation of non-traditional crops like tea, cashew nut, oilseeds, tomato, mushroom, wheat, etc. During 2018-19^, the state produced 331.67 thousand tonnes of fruits and 74.26 thousand tonnes of spices.

As of November 2019, Meghalaya had a total installed power generation capacity of 596.04 MW, comprising 354.53 MW from state utilities, 13.92 from private utilities and 227.56 MW from central utilities. Of the total installed power generation capacity, 394.27 MW was contributed by hydropower, 155.29 MW by thermal power and 46.45 MW by renewable power.

Meghalaya, with abundant deposits of coal, limestone, kaolin feldspar, quartz, granite, industrial clay and uranium and a small deposit base of sillimanite, bauxite, base metals and apatite has great industrial potential.

Meghalaya, one of the most picturesque states in the country, has two National Parks and three wildlife sanctuaries. It offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking & trekking, water sports, etc.

Passenger traffic at Barapani during 2018-19 reached 12,482. Aircraft movement at the airport during 2018-19 stood at 551. Passenger traffic and aircraft movement at Barapani airport stood at 14,634 and 400, respectively, during April-October 2019.

According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), cumulative FDI inflows to the North-eastern states, during April 2000 to June 2019, stood at US$ 122 million.

Total merchandise exports from Meghalaya were US$ 51.09 million in FY19. Merchandise exports during April-September 2019 reached US$ 22.52 million.

Key Sectors:

  • Turmeric produced in the state of Meghalaya is considered to be one of the best in the world as it contains 7.5 per cent of curcumin.
  • As per State Budget 2019-20, there are two hydro projects currently under implementation - Lakroh SHP (1.5MW) and Ganol HEP (3x7.5 MW) in which Lakroh has been completed and Ganol is expected to be commissioned by 2020.
  • The state also has tremendous potential for tourism. Number of tourists visiting Meghalaya increased from 839,363 in 2016 to 1,002,907 in 2017.
  • Coal and limestone production in Meghalaya stood at 1.39 million tonnes and 6.68 million tonnes, respectively, in 2018-19*.

^ - As per 3rd Advanced estimate, *- till Feb 2019

Factfile

  • Capital:Shillong
  • Geographical Area (sq km):22,429
  • State Language:English, Khasi, Pnar and Garo
  • Literacy Rate:74.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Agriculture and food processing, floriculture, horticulture, mining, cement, tourism, hydroelectric power, handlooms, handicrafts and sericulture