Last updated on May, 9 2021
Meghalaya is in the northeast of India. The state shares its border on the north and the east with Assam and on the south and the west with Bangladesh.
Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, jute, and mesta. The state has achieved success in the cultivation of non-traditional crops like tea, cashew nuts, oilseeds, tomato, mushroom, wheat, etc. During 2019–20*, the state produced 393.51 thousand tonnes of fruits and 75.38 thousand tonnes of spices.
At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Meghalaya reached Rs. 0.37 trillion (US$ 5.19 billion) in 2019-20. The state’s GSDP (in Rs.) increased at a CAGR of 9.85% between 2015-16 and 2019-20.
As of November 2020, Meghalaya had a total installed power generation capacity of 608.53 MW, comprising 354.53 MW from state utilities, 13.92 from private utilities and 240.08 MW from central utilities. Of the total installed power generation capacity, 401.77 MW was contributed by hydropower, 160.31 MW by thermal power and 46.45 MW by renewable power.
Passenger traffic at Barapani airport reached 30,552 during 2019–20. Aircraft movement at the airport stood at 691 during the same period.
According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) inflows to Meghalaya** stood at US$ 122 million during April 2000 to September 2019. Total merchandise export from Meghalaya was around US$ 51.09 million in FY19. Total merchandise exports from Meghalaya stood at US$ 44.26 million in FY20. Exports from April to November 2020 reached US$ 3.37 million.
Natural resources, policy incentives and infrastructure in the state favour investment across tourism, hydroelectric power, manufacturing, and mining sectors. Minerals and mining, agriculture and horticulture and tourism have been identified as the thrust sectors for industrial development.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government to promote Meghalaya as an investment destination are:
Note: * - As per 2019-20 (3rd Adv. Est.), MW - Megawatt, **- includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura
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