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About Chhattisgarh: Information on Industries, Geography, Economy & GSDP

Latest update: March, 2020

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Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Raipur
  • Geographical Area (sq km):137,898
  • State Language:Chhattisgarhi, Hindi and English
  • Literacy Rate:70.3 per cent
  • Key Industries:Mining, iron and steel, cement, power, IT and ITeS and biotechnology

Last Updated: March, 2020

CHHATTISGARH State Report | March, 2020

Chhattisgarh is located in Central India. The state shares its border with Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Odisha and Jharkhand in the east and Andhra Pradesh in the south.

At current prices, gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Chhattisgarh stood at Rs 3.62 trillion (US$ 51.83 billion) in 2020-21. GSDP (in Rs) of the state at current prices grew at a CAGR of 9.65 per cent between 2011-12 and 2020-21.

Chhattisgarh is presently one of the few states that have surplus power. Korba district in Chhattisgarh is known as the power capital of India. It is also among the few profitable states in terms of utility-based electricity. As of February 2020, Chhattisgarh had a total installed power generation capacity of 12,758.50 MW, comprising 8,194.30 MW under private utilities, 2,353.15 MW under state utilities and 2,321.65 MW under central utilities. Energy requirement in the state was 25,045 million units between Apr-Jan 2019-20.

Mineral resources are Chhattisgarh's biggest strength. Chhattisgarh is a leading producer of minerals such as coal, iron ore and dolomite. Korba district in Chhattisgarh is known as the power capital of India. Moreover, considerable reserves of bauxite, limestone and quartzite are available in the state. Chhattisgarh is the only state in India that produced tin concentrates. The state accounts for 35.4 per cent of tin ore reserves of India.

Chhattisgarh has emerged as one of the most preferred investment destinations in India. The state has been acclaimed as “one of the best fiscally managed states” by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The state (including Madhya Pradesh) attracted cumulative FDI worth US$ 1.45 billion from April 2000 – December 2019. During 2019, 61 IEMs have been filed in Chhattisgarh with a proposed investment of Rs 5,132 crore (US$ 743.30 million).

Total merchandise exports from Chhattisgarh were US$ 1,243.43 million in FY19 and US$ 960.39 million between Apr–Dec 2019.

A wide range of fiscal and policy incentives for businesses have been announced under its Industrial Policy, 2014-19. Additionally, the state has well-drafted policies for the IT/ITeS, solar energy, agro and food processing, minerals and biotechnology sectors. Chhattisgarh stands fourth among Indian states in rankings based on ease of doing business and reforms implementation, according to a study by the World Bank and KPMG.

Key Sectors:

  • Metals and Mining: Chhattisgarh is the only state in India to produce tin concentrates and accounts for 36 per cent of the country’s tin ore reserves. Dante Wada is the sole district producing tin from 6 mines. During 2018-19 (as of February 2019), tin concentrate production in the state stood at 19,410 kg. Chhattisgarh's combined exports of aluminium & products, iron & steel, iron ore and iron & steel products from Chhattisgarh US$ 727.48 million between Apr-Dec 2019. Value of minerals produced (excluding atomic, fuel and minor minerals) in the state in 2018-19 was Rs 9,575 crore (US$ 1.37 billion).
  • Cement: Chhattisgarh has abundant limestone reserves that support a strong cement sector. Chhattisgarh accounts for around 5.4 per cent of the total limestone reserves in India. Limestone production in the state reached 38.48 million tonnes in 2018-19 (up to Feb 2019). Export of cement, clinkers and asbestos cement from the state reached US$ 10.13 million in FY18 and US$ 4.07 million between Apr-Sep 2018.
  • Agriculture: Around 80 per cent employment in the state is dependent on Agriculture. The state’s position as the ‘Rice Bowl of Central India’ and its reliance on agriculture has led to brisk growth in the food processing industry as a special-thrust industry. Non-Basmati rice is the most exported commodity from the state. Its exports reached US$ 247.18 million in FY19 and US$ 184.77 million between Apr-Dec 2019. Total horticulture production in the state reached 9,876.16 thousand metric tonnes in 2018-19 with 775.02 thousand hectares of area under cultivation.
  • Apparel: Chhattisgarh is one of the leading producers of tussar and kosa silks in the country and has the potential to be a strong player in the Indian apparel industry. Raw silk production in the state reached 532 metric tonnes in 2017-18 and in 2018-19, raw silk production has been 358 metric tonnes.

Factfile

  • Capital:Raipur
  • Geographical Area (sq km):137,898
  • State Language:Chhattisgarhi, Hindi and English
  • Literacy Rate:70.3 per cent
  • Key Industries:Mining, iron and steel, cement, power, IT and ITeS and biotechnology
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Chhattisgarh