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Manipur Presentation and Economic Growth Report | IBEF

Last updated on Jun, 26 2020

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income


Manipur is situated in the eastern-most corner of northeast India. The state shares borders with other northeast states like Nagaland, Mizoram, and Assam as well as with the neighbouring country of Myanmar. Due to its wealth of flora and fauna, Manipur is described as a ‘flower on lofty heights’, ‘a jewel of India’ and ‘Switzerland of the East’. Its breath-taking scenic beauty makes it a tourist’s paradise.

Manipur has the advantage of acting as India's 'Gateway to the East' through Moreh town, which is the only feasible land route for trade between India and Myanmar and other Southeast Asian countries. With about 3,268 square kms of area covered by bamboo forests, Manipur is one of India’s largest bamboo producing states and a major contributor to the country’s bamboo industry. In 2017, the state accounted for 10,687 square kms of bamboo bearing area.

Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units as well as the highest number of craft persons comprising skilled and semi-skilled artisans in the entire northeast region. Handlooms is the largest cottage industry in Manipur and the state ranks among the top five in terms of the number of looms in the country.

Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) for Manipur was about Rs 258.70 billion (US$ 3.76 billion) in 2018-19. GSDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 9.82 per cent between 2015-16 and 2018-19.

Total merchandise export from Manipur increased from US$ 0.19 million in 2014-15 to US$ 2.66 million in 2018-19.

As of March 2020, Manipur had a total installed power generation capacity of 267.62 megawatt (MW). The state has a potential to generate hydropower equivalent to 2,200 MW.

Imphal, Manipur’s capital city, has one airport and Air India provides air cargo services to this airport. Eleven national highways with a total length of 1,750 kms run through the state. The railway line under construction on the Manipur-Assam border is a national priority project. Manipur has a land area of 22,327 sq kms and a pollution free environment.

Government of India has undertaken construction of 125 kms railway line connecting Jiribam, Tupul, and Imphal. The railway line will provide railway connectivity to Imphal and is expected to be completed by 2020.

According to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in Manipur** amounted to US$ 122 million between April 2000 and September 2019.


Key Sectors:

  • In 2018-19, the total production of horticulture crops in the state stood at 835.82 thousand tonnes and area under production was 104.79 thousand hectares. In 2018-19, total production of vegetables and fruits in the state was estimated at 0.354 million tonnes and 0.451 million tonnes, respectively.
  • Three common facility centres for bamboo processing have been established at Tamenglong, Churachandpur, and Imphal. Government of Manipur is building a Bamboo Technology Park at Kadamtala, Jiribam with an estimated cost of US$ 104.3 million.
  • Manipur is the first state in India to have set up the 4-core infrastructure of the National e-Governance Plan – Common Service Centre, Statewide Area Network, State Data Centre and State Portal, and State Service Delivery Gateway and e-forms.
  • Raw silk production in Manipur stood at 464 metric tonnes during 2018-19 (P) and 401 metric tonnes during 2019-20 (till December 2019).
  • Hydropower majors such as Satluj Jal Vidyut Nigam Limited (SJVNL) and National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Limited (NHPC) are jointly setting up a mega hydroelectric power project at Tipaimukh with an investment of US$ 2.0 billion.

Note: P- Provisional, **- includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Tripura

Manipur State Presentation

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