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About Sikkim State: Industries in Sikkim, Tourism, Economy Growth & Agriculture

Latest update: June, 2020

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Gangtok
  • Geographical Area (sq km):7,096
  • State Language:Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo, Magar, Rai, Hindi and English
  • Literacy Rate:81.42 per cent per cent
  • Key Industries:Tourism, agriculture, floriculture, agro-processing, hydroelectric power, tea, large cardamom, minerals, electronics and pharmaceuticals

Last Updated: June, 2020

SIKKIM State Report | June, 2020

Introduction

Sikkim is surrounded by vast stretches of Tibetan Plateaus in the north, the Chumbi Valley of Tibet and the Kingdom of Bhutan in the east, the Kingdom of Nepal in the west and Darjeeling district of West Bengal in the south.

The state is richly endowed with rare and exotic flora and fauna, which includes 5,000 species of flowering plants, 515 rare orchids, 60 primula species & 36 rhododendron species. This makes it one of the leading states in the Northeast region in terms of production & supply of cut flowers to mainland consumer markets. Of the 6,000 medicinal plants in India, over 424 plants (including the famous Artemisia vulgaris that is used as an antiseptic) are grown in Sikkim.

Sikkim has several snow-capped peaks including Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak that attracts a large number of tourists from across the globe. Tourism in Sikkim has emerged as the new profession of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential. Promotion of village tourism, homestay, cultural tourism, trekking tourism, ecotourism, wellness tourism, flori–tourism and adventure tourism has given fillip to the tourism trade in the state.

In September 2018, Prime Minister of India, Mr Narendra Modi inaugurated Pakyong airport in Sikkim, the state’s first airport, which is expected to significantly boost the state’s connectivity. In 2018-19, passenger and aircraft movements reached 18,963 and 328, respectively and in November 2019 it touched 3749 and 60, respectively.

The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Sikkim expanded at a high Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 13.08 per cent between 2011-12 and 2018-19.

In 2018-19, the secondary sector contributed 61.56 per cent to the state’s GSVA at current prices. It was followed by the tertiary sector at 26.82 per cent and primary sector at 11.62 per cent. Moreover, at a CAGR of 21.48 per cent, the primary sector has been the fastest growing among the three sectors between 2011-12 and 2018-19.

As of February 2020, Sikkim had a total installed power generation capacity of 674.43 MW, of which 166.25 MW was under central utilities, 96.07 MW was under private utilities & 412.11 MW was under state utilities. Of the overall installed power generation capacity in the state, thermal power contributed 102.25 MW, while hydropower and renewable power contributed 520 MW & 52.18 MW, respectively.

Sikkim has a suitable climate for agricultural and horticultural products. It supports multiple crops; viz., rice, wheat, maize, millet, barley, urad, pea, soya bean, mustard and large cardamom. Sikkim is the top producer of large cardamom, contributing over 80 per cent to India’s total production. In August 2019, Sikkim was declared as world’s first 100 per cent organic state by UN Food and Agriculture (FAO).

Government of India has introduced North East Industrial Development Scheme 2017 under which all new industrial units located in eight north-eastern states in manufacturing and services sector of the state will be eligible for various incentives.

The state has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 5.85 billion during the period April 2000 to September 2019, according to data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

 

Key Sectors:

  • As per budget 2018-19, allocation of Rs 484.52 crore (US$ 67.42 million) is made for the development of the agriculture & allied services sector. Sikkim will become self-sufficient in terms of food grains production within next 5 years.
  • Sikkim's geographical and environmental conditions are quite conducive for development of floriculture at a higher altitude. The state is also considered to be the Kingdom of flowers and is an innovator in cultivating Gladiolus.
  • Tourism in Sikkim has emerged as the new profession of the Sikkimese people with its vast natural potential. Promotion of village tourism, homestay, cultural tourism, trekking tourism, ecotourism, wellness tourism, flori–tourism and adventure tourism has given fillip to the tourism trade in the state where a large of number of people are engaged under different employment opportunities. On January 30, 2019, Union Minister for Tourism inaugurated the first project under the Swadesh Darshan Project at the Zero Point, Gangtok, Sikkim. The project was developed in Rs 98.05 crore (US$ 14.02 million).
  • Sikkim is the only state which offers excise benefits and major players of the pharmaceutical industry have set up their manufacturing units in the state. Few of these are Cipla, Sun Pharma, Zydus Cadila, Alembic, IPCA, Alkem Lab, Intas Pharma, Torrent Pharmaceuticals, Unichem.

Factfile

  • Capital:Gangtok
  • Geographical Area (sq km):7,096
  • State Language:Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo, Magar, Rai, Hindi and English
  • Literacy Rate:81.42 per cent per cent
  • Key Industries:Tourism, agriculture, floriculture, agro-processing, hydroelectric power, tea, large cardamom, minerals, electronics and pharmaceuticals
Sikkim Map

Sikkim

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