Goa is located in the western region of India. The state shares its borders with the Arabian Sea to the west, Maharashtra to the north and Karnataka to the south and the east. It is traditionally known as a tourist paradise for its natural scenery, unique beaches and cultural diversity.
Goa is one of the fastest growing states in the country. The Gross State Domestic Product of Goa at current prices increased at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.78 per cent from 2011-12 to 2016-17. Goa’s net state domestic product (NSDP) was Rs 587.71 billion (US$ 8.76 billion) in 2016-17. Goa's economic growth is driven by the strong performance of industrial sectors such as mining, tourism and pharmaceuticals.
As of July 2018, Goa had a total installed power generation capacity of 549.41 MW. Goa is also one of the few states in India to achieve 100 per cent rural electrification.
Goa has a well-developed social, physical and industrial infrastructure and virtual connectivity. It has an international airport that is in line with its importance as a globally-recognised leisure destination. It also has significant port infrastructure. The state has an established base for the pharmaceuticals industry and an emerging destination for knowledge-based industries such as biotechnology and IT.
According to the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), FDI inflows into the state of Goa, during April 2000 to June 2018, were US$ 970 million.
- In April 2017, six rivers of Goa – Mandovi, Zuari, Chapora, Sal, Mapusa & Chumbharjua – were notified by the union government as national waterways under the National Waterways Act, 2016.
- A second greenfield international airport is being developed in Mopa, Goa with an annual capacity to handle 30 million passengers by phase IV. The first phase of the airport is expected to start by September 2020.
- A new export policy for the state is also being prepared in order to promote exports for manufactured goods and surplus agriculture produce.
- Merchandise exports from the state reached US$ 2.10 billion in 2017-18.
- Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has identified five islands in Goa, namely St George Island, Grande Island, Pequeno Island, Conco Island and Bhindo Island to carry out holistic development.
- Goa government has approved the Rs 981 crore (US$ 144.1 million) proposal for Panaji Smart City which will have a major focus on eco-mobility, public transport system and improvement of conservation zones.
- For the development of ‘Ease of doing business’ and ‘investor friendly ecosystem’ initiatives in the state, the state government has proposed to establish an EMS (Electronic Monitoring
- Goa currently* has a total of 38 operational mining leases with a reported production of 6.08 million tonnes in 2017-18 (up to December 2017). Exports of iron ore reached 17.64 million tonnes between September 2015 and November 2017. Total Iron Ore1 traffic handled at Mormugoa Port, Goa in 2017-18P was 10.26 million tonnes.
- The state is in the process of developing the logistics sector in Goa by forming a special logistics group and constructing several bridges to address the existing deficiencies with regard to logistics and warehousing. The multi-modal logistics park in Balli will be fully operational by October 2018.
- During January to December 2017, the number of passengers who arrived in the state on the basis of e-tourist visas was recorded to be 133,798. Moreover, the state recorded a total of 851,048 foreign tourists from over 141 countries across the globe.
- Goa has a coastline of about 104 kms and inland waterways of about 250 km. The coast is full of creeks and estuaries formed by rivers. Fish production in the state reached 117.9 thousand tonnes in 2016-17. The coast is full of creeks and estuaries formed by rivers; 144.28 thousand tonnes of marine fish and 5.33 thousand tonnes of inland fish were harvested in 2017.
*during 2017-18 1– Includes Pellets, P- Provisional