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About Himachal Pradesh: Information on Tourism, Industries, Geography

Last updated on Feb, 9 2021

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Shimla
  • Geographical Area (sq km):55,673
  • State Language:Hindi and Pahari
  • Literacy Rate:82.8 per cent
  • Key Industries:Textiles, pharmaceuticals, food procurement and processing, light engineering, IT and electronics, cement, tourism and hydropower

HIMACHAL PRADESH State Report | September, 2020

Himachal Pradesh is located in the northern region of India. The state is surrounded by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west and the south-west, Haryana on the south, Uttar Pradesh on the south-east and China on the east.

At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Himachal Pradesh is estimate reached Rs. 1.65 trillion (US$ 22.58 billion) in 2019-20. The state’s per capita GSDP in 2019-20 was Rs. 225,839 (US$ 3,203.85). GSDP will increase at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 9.71% between 2015-16 and 2019-2020. The tertiary sector witnessed the fastest growth at a CAGR of 12.02% between 2011-12 and 2019-20.  

Total exports from Himachal Pradesh stood at US$ 1,392.91 million in 2019-20. In FY21 (until October 2020), exports from Himachal Pradesh stood at US$ 919.42 million.

As of November 2020, Himachal Pradesh had a total installed power-generation capacity of 4018.87 MW, comprising 1466.53 MW under central utilities, 1601.13 MW under private utilities and 951.21 MW under state utilities.

In November 2020, the Union Cabinet approved a proposal for an expenditure of Rs. 1,810 crore (US$ 245.41 million) for the 210 MW Luhri Stage-I hydropower project in Himachal Pradesh on the Satluj River. 758.20 million units of electricity annually will be generated by this project. The project will help create ~2,000 direct and indirect jobs and will contribute to the state's overall socioeconomic growth.

The State Government of Himachal Pradesh offers a wide range of policy and fiscal incentives for businesses under the Industrial Policy, 2017. The state has also undertaken other policies such as Tourism Policy 2005 and IT Policy 2001 for upgradation of these sectors in the state. Himachal Pradesh has announced a Revised Solar Policy 2016 under which it plans to establish 700 MW of solar photovoltaic cell capacity.

Under State Budget 2020-21, the highest increase in allocations was observed in Water Supply, Sanitation, Housing and Urban Development at 33% of the overall budget.

According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), the cumulative FDI inflows in Himachal Pradesh were valued at US$ 17.67 million between October 2019 and September 2020.

Key Sectors:

  • Agriculture is the main occupation and the major source of employment in the state, as 89.96% of the population lives in rural areas. With suitable agro-climatic conditions, Himachal Pradesh has realised the importance of commercial crops, including off-season vegetables, potatoes and ginger. In 2019-20, the total production of horticulture crops in the state was expected to be 2722.80 thousand metric tonnes and area under production was 332.12 thousand hectares. In 2019-20, the total production of vegetables and fruits in the state was estimated at 1856.80 thousand metric tonnes and 828.23 thousand metric tonnes, respectively.
  • Himachal Pradesh is one of the fastest-growing regions in the pharmaceutical industry in India, driven by incentives announced by the state Government in its Industrial Policy, 2004. In FY20, exports of drug formulations and biologicals from the state stood at US$ 822.0 million and have reached US$ 626.1 million in FY21 (until October 2020).
  • The tourism sector of Himachal Pradesh contributes 7% to the state GDP. Domestic tourist inflow in the state reached 16.83 million in 2019, while foreign tourist arrivals reached 383,000.  As of December 2019, there were 3,679 registered hotels in the state. In November 2020, Fortune Hotels has announced fourth alliance in the state with the opening of its maiden property in Dalhousie, Himachal Pradesh

Factfile

  • Capital:Shimla
  • Geographical Area (sq km):55,673
  • State Language:Hindi and Pahari
  • Literacy Rate:82.8 per cent
  • Key Industries:Textiles, pharmaceuticals, food procurement and processing, light engineering, IT and electronics, cement, tourism and hydropower
Himachal Pradesh Map

Himachal Pradesh