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SECTORAL REPORT | March, 2015
The Indian auto industry is one of the largest in the world with an annual production of 21.48 million vehicles in FY 2013-14.
The automobile industry accounts for 22 per cent of the country's manufacturing gross domestic product (GDP).
An expanding middle class, a young population, and an increasing interest of the companies in exploring the rural markets have made the two wheelers segment (with 80 per cent market share) the leader of the Indian automobile market. The overall passenger vehicle segment has 14 per cent market share.
India is also a substantial auto exporter, with solid export growth expectations for the near future. Various initiatives by the Government of India and the major automobile players in the Indian market is expected to make India a leader in the Two Wheeler and Four Wheeler market in the world by 2020.
Sales of commercial vehicles in India grew 5.3 per cent to 52,481 units in January 2015 from a year ago, according to Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM).
Sales of cars also grew for a third month in a row to 169,300 units in January 2015, up 3.14 per cent from the year-ago period.
Car market leader Maruti Suzuki India witnessed 8.6 per cent higher sales at approximately 118,551 units in February 2015, out of which 107,892 were sold in domestic market and 10,659 units were exported.
Hyundai Motor India Ltd (HMIL) reported a 2.4 per cent growth in total sales at 47,612 units in February, compared with 46,505 units in the same month last year.
In the two-wheeler segment, Hero MotoCorp witnessed sales of 484,769 units in February 2015.
TVS Motor Co posted 15 per cent higher sales at 204,565 units against 177,662 units.
Bajaj Auto sold a total of 243,000 two and three-wheelers segment.
To match production with demand, many auto makers have started to invest heavily in various segments in the industry in the last few months. The industry has attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$ 12,232.06 million during the period April 2000 to February 2015, according to the data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
Some of the major investments and developments in the automobile sector in India are as follows:
The Government of India encourages foreign investment in the automobile sector and allows 100 per cent FDI under the automatic route. Excise duty on small cars, scooters, motorcycles and commercial vehicles was reduced in February last year to 8 per cent from 12 per cent to boost the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Indian government.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government of India are:
India is probably the most competitive country in the world for the automotive industry. It does not cover 100 per cent of technology or components required to make a car but it is giving a good 97 per cent, highlighted Mr Vicent Cobee, Corporate Vice-President, Nissan Motor’s Datsun.
The vision of AMP 2006-2016 sees India, “to emerge as the destination of choice in the world for design and manufacture of automobiles and auto components with output reaching a level of US$ 145 billion; accounting for more than 10 per cent of the GDP and providing additional employment to 25 million people by 2016.”
The Japanese auto maker Maruti Suzuki expects the Indian passenger car market to reach four million units by 2020, up from 1.8 million units in 2013-14.
Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0157 as on April 28, 2015
References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA), Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), Union Budget 2014-15
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
india is expected to become the third largest market for electric vehicles by 2025 at 2.5 million vehicles.
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