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Retail Estate sector witnessed an annual rise of 170 per cent, attracting US$ 1 billion in 2019.

Indian Real Estate Industry

    Last updated on Sep, 4 2020

Indian Real Estate Industry Report  (Size: 567.5 KB ) (August, 2020)

Introduction

Real estate sector is one of the most globally recognized sectors. It comprises of four sub sectors - housing, retail, hospitality, and commercial. The growth of this sector is well complemented by the growth in the corporate environment and the demand for office space as well as urban and semi-urban accommodations. The construction industry ranks third among the 14 major sectors in terms of direct, indirect and induced effects in all sectors of the economy.

It is also expected that this sector will incur more non-resident Indian (NRI) investment, both in the short term and the long term. Bengaluru is expected to be the most favoured property investment destination for NRIs, followed by Ahmedabad, Pune, Chennai, Goa, Delhi and Dehradun.

Market Size

By 2040, real estate market will grow to Rs 65,000 crore (US$ 9.30 billion) from Rs 12,000 crore (US$ 1.72 billion) in 2019. Real estate sector in India is expected to reach a market size of US$ 1 trillion by 2030 from US$ 120 billion in 2017 and contribute 13 per cent to the country’s GDP by 2025. Retail, hospitality, and commercial real estate are also growing significantly, providing the much-needed infrastructure for India's growing needs. Indian real estate increased by 19.5 per cent CAGR from 2017 to 2028.

Office space has been driven mostly by growth in ITeS/IT, BFSI, consulting and manufacturing sectors. During 2019, the office leasing space reached 60.6 msf across eight major cities, registering a growth of 27 per cent y-o-y. In 2019, office sector demand with commercial leasing activity reached 69.4 msf. Co-working space across top seven cities increased to reach 12 sq ft by end of 2019.

Warehousing space is expected to reach 247 msf in 2020 and see investment worth Rs 50,000 crore (US$ 7.76 billion) during 2018-20. Grade-A office space absorption is expected to cross 700 msf by 2022, with Delhi-NCR contributing the most to this demand.

Housing sales reached 2.61 lakh units in 2019 across seven major cities.

Investments/Developments

Indian real estate sector has witnessed high growth in the recent times with rise in demand for office as well as residential spaces. Real estate attracted around Rs 43,780 crore (US$ 6.26 billion) in investment in 2019. The retail segment attracted PE (Private Equity) investment of around US$ 1 billion in 2019. Institutional investment in the sector stood at US$ 712 million during the quarter ended March 2020. Real estate attracted around US$ 14 billion from foreign PE between 2015 and Q32019.

Export from SEZs reached Rs 7.01 lakh crore (US$ 100.30 billion) in FY19 and grew by almost 14.5 per cent to Rs 3.82 lakh crore (US$ 54.66 billion) in H1FY20.

According to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade Policy (DPIIT), construction is the fourth largest sector in terms of FDI inflow. FDI in the sector (includes construction development and construction activities) stood at US$ 42.50 billion from April 2000 to March 2020.

Some of the major investments and developments in this sector are as follows:

  • In March 2020, the Government approved proposals from TCS and DLF to set up SEZs for IT sector in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.
  • Blackstone crossed US$ 12 billion investment milestone in India.
  • Puravankara Ltd, a realty firm, plans to invest around Rs 850 crore (US$ 121.6 million) over the next four years to develop three ultra-luxury residential projects in Bengaluru, Chennai and Mumbai.
  • First REIT, which raised Rs 4,750 crore (US$ 679.64 million), was launched in the early 2019 by global investment firm Blackstone and realty firm Embassy group.
  • In January 2020, RMZ Corp entered into a strategic and equal partnership with Mitsui Fudosan (Asia) Pte Ltd to expand its business footprint.
  • Housing sales reached 2.61 lakh units in 2019 across seven major cities.
  • In September 2018, Embassy Office Parks announced that it would raise around Rs 52 billion (US$ 775.66 million) through India’s first Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) listing.

Government Initiatives

Government of India along with the governments of respective States has taken several initiatives to encourage development in the sector. The Smart City Project, with a plan to build 100 smart cities, is a prime opportunity for real estate companies. Below are some of the other major Government initiatives:

  • In order to revive around 1,600 stalled housing projects across top cities in the country, the Union Cabinet has approved the setting up of Rs 25,000 crore (US$ 3.58 billion) alternative investment fund (AIF).
  • Under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) (PMAY (U)), 1.12 crore houses have been sanctioned in urban areas, creating 1.20 crore jobs.
  • Government has created an Affordable Housing Fund (AHF) in the National Housing Bank (NHB) with an initial corpus of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.43 billion) using priority sector lending short fall of banks/financial institutions for micro financing of the HFCs.
  • On February 29, 2020, India formally approved 417 special economic zones (SEZs), of which 238 were already in operation. Majority of the SEZs are in the IT/ ITeS sector.

Road Ahead

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has given its approval for the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) platform, which will allow all kind of investors to invest in the Indian real estate market. It would create an opportunity worth Rs 1.25 trillion (US$ 19.65 billion) in the Indian market in the coming years. Responding to an increasingly well-informed consumer base and bearing in mind the aspect of globalisation, Indian real estate developers have shifted gears and accepted fresh challenges. The most marked change has been the shift from family owned businesses to that of professionally managed ones. Real estate developers, in meeting the growing need for managing multiple projects across cities, are also investing in centralised processes to source material and organise manpower and hiring qualified professionals in areas like project management, architecture and engineering.

The growing flow of FDI in Indian real estate is encouraging increased transparency. Developers, in order to attract funding, have revamped their accounting and management systems to meet due diligence standards.

References: Media Reports, Press releases, Knight Frank India, VCCEdge, JLL Research, CREDAI-JL, Union Budget 2019-20

Note: Conversion rate used in April 2020, Rs 1 = US$ 0.013123

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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