Aviation
India was world's third largest domestic aviation market in 2017.

Indian Aviation Industry

Latest update: June, 2018

  • Total freight traffic registered a CAGR of 7.08 per cent over FY06-17
  • During FY06-17, domestic freight traffic increased at a CAGR of 7.95 per cent, while international freight traffic grew at a CAGR of 6.58 per cent during the same period.
  • In FY17, domestic freight traffic stood at 1,123.18 million tonnes, while international freight traffic was at 1,855.06 million tonnes.
  • During FY17, domestic freight traffic increased at 7.39 per cent while international freight traffic increased at 11.86 per cent in comparison with FY16.
  • By 2023, total freight traffic is expected to touch 4.14 million tonnes exhibiting growth at a CAGR of 7.27 per cent between FY2016 and FY23. In addition, international freight traffic is expected to grow at a CAGR of 7.13 per cent while domestic freight traffic is expected to grow at a CAGR 7.50 per cent between FY2016 and FY23.
Growth

Notes: 1From April to February 2018, *CAGR is calculated as sum of international and domestic traffic till FY17
Source: Airports Authority of India

  • Witnessing a growth of 18.5 per cent over the previous year, total passenger traffic stood at a 264.97 million in FY17, which was recorded at 223.62 million in FY16 in India.
  • Growth in passenger traffic has been strong since the new millennium, especially with rising incomes and low-cost aviation; during FY06-17, passenger traffic grew at a CAGR of 12.39 per cent in the country.
  • By 2036, India is estimated to have 480 million flyers, which will be more than that of Japan ( just under 225 million) and Germany ( just over 200 million) combined.
  • India has become the third largest domestic aviation market in the world and is expected to overtake UK to become the third largest air passenger* market by 2025.
Growth

Notes: CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate, FY – Indian Financial Year (April – March), 1April 2017 to February 2018, *CAGR is till FY17, *Air passenger – Domestic + International
Source: Association of Private Airport Operator, Airports Authority of India

 

Last Updated: June, 2018

Introduction

The civil aviation industry in India has emerged as one of the fastest growing industries in the country during the last three years. India is currently considered the third largest domestic civil aviation market in the world. India is expected to become the world’s largest domestic civil aviation market in the next 10 to 15 years, as per Mr Jayant Sinha, Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation, Government of India.

According to International Air Transport Association IATA, India will displace the UK for the third place in 2025.

The Civil Aviation industry has ushered in a new era of expansion, driven by factors such as low-cost carriers (LCCs), modern airports, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in domestic airlines, advanced information technology (IT) interventions and growing emphasis on regional connectivity.

Market Size

India’s passenger* traffic grew at 16.52 per cent year on year to reach 308.75 million. It grew at a CAGR of 12.72 per cent during FY06-FY18.

Domestic passenger traffic grew YoY by 18.28 per cent to reach 243 million in FY18 and is expected to become 293 million in FY20E. International passenger grew YoY by 10.43 per cent to reach 65 million in FY18 and traffic is expected to become 76 million in FY20E.

In FY18, domestic freight traffic stood at 1,213.06 million tonnes, while international freight traffic was at 2,143.97 million tonnes.

India’s domestic and international aircraft movements grew 14.40 per cent YoY and 9.40 per cent YoY to 1,886.63 thousand and 437.93 thousand during 2017-18, respectively.

As of March 2018, there are nearly 550 commercial aircraft in operation in India.

Investment

According to data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), FDI inflows in air transport (including air freight) between April 2000 and December 2017 stood at US$ 1,608.51 million. The government has 100 per cent FDI under automatic route in scheduled air transport service, regional air transport service and domestic scheduled passenger airline. However, FDI over 49 per cent would require government approval.

India’s aviation industry is expected to witness Rs 1 lakh crore (US$ 15.52 billion) worth of investments in the next five years.

The Indian government is planning to invest US$ 1.83 billion for development of airport infrastructure along with aviation navigation services by 2026.

Key investments and developments in India’s aviation industry include:

  • AAI is going to invest Rs 15,000 crore (US$ 2.32 billion) in 2018-19 for expanding existing terminals and constructing 15 new ones.
  • In June 2018, India has signed an open sky agreement with Australia allowing airlines on either side to offer unlimited seats to six Indian metro cities and various Australian cities.
  • The AAI plans to develop Guwahati as an inter-regional hub and Agartala, Imphal and Dibrugarh as intra-regional hubs.
  • Indian aircraft Manufacture, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) service providers are exempted completely from customs and countervailing duties

Government Initiatives

Some major initiatives undertaken by the government are:

  • Allocation to Civil Aviation Ministry has been tripled to Rs 6,602.86 crore (US$ 1,019.9 million) under Union Budget 2018-19.
  • In February 2018, the Prime Minister of India launched the construction of Navi Mumbai airport which is expected to be built at a cost of US$ 2.58 billion. The first phase of the airport will be completed by end of 2019.
  • The Government of Andhra Pradesh is to develop Greenfield airports in six cities-Nizamabad, Nellore, Kurnool, Ramagundam, Tadepalligudem and Kothagudem under the PPP model.
  • AAI is going to invest Rs 15,000 crore (US$ 2.32 billion) in 2018-19 for expanding existing terminals and constructing 15 new ones.
  • Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) has been launched under the policy

Road Ahead

India’s aviation industry is largely untapped with huge growth opportunities, considering that air transport is still expensive for majority of the country’s population, of which nearly 40 per cent is the upwardly mobile middle class.

The industry stakeholders should engage and collaborate with policy makers to implement efficient and rational decisions that would boost India’s civil aviation industry. With the right policies and relentless focus on quality, cost and passenger interest, India would be well placed to achieve its vision of becoming the third-largest aviation market by 2025.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0155 as of March 30, 2018.

Note: * - International and Domestic

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Press Information Bureau, Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), Airports Authority of India (AAI), Union Budget 2018-19, Boeing

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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