The global sourcing market in India continues to grow at a higher pace compared to the IT-BPM industry. India is the leading sourcing destination across the world, accounting for approximately 55% market share of the US$ 200-250 billion global services sourcing business in 2019-20.
The IT industry accounted for 8% of India’s GDP in 2020. According to STPI (Software Technology Park of India), software exports by the IT companies connected to it, stood at Rs. 1.20 lakh crore (US$ 16.29 billion) in the first quarter of FY22.
The IT & BPM industry’s revenue is estimated at ~US$ 194 billion in FY21, an increase of 2.3% YoY. The domestic revenue of the IT industry is estimated at US$ 45 billion and export revenue is estimated at US$ 150 billion in FY21. According to Gartner estimates, IT spending in India is estimated to reach US$ 93 billion in 2021 (7.3% YoY growth) and further increase to US$ 98.5 billion in 2022. The BPM sector in India currently employs >1.4 million people, while IT and BPM together have >4.5 million workers, as of FY21.
Indian software product industry is expected to reach US$ 100 billion by 2025. Indian companies are focusing to invest internationally to expand global footprint and enhance their global delivery centres. In line with this, in February 2021, Tata Consultancy Services announced to recruit ~1,500 technology employees across the UK over the next year. The development would build capabilities for TCS to deliver efficiently to the UK customers.
The data annotation market in India stood at ~ US$ 250 million in FY20, of which the US market contributed ~ 60% to the overall value. The market is expected to reach ~ US$ 7 billion by 2030 due to accelerated domestic demand for AI.
Indian IT's core competencies and strengths have attracted significant investment from major countries. The computer software and hardware sector in India attracted cumulative foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows worth US$ 74.12 billion between April 2000 and June 2021. The sector ranked 2nd in FDI inflows as per the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).
Leading Indian IT firms like Infosys, Wipro, TCS and Tech Mahindra are diversifying their offerings and showcasing leading ideas in blockchain and artificial intelligence to clients using innovation hubs and research and development centres to create differentiated offerings.
Some of the major developments in the Indian IT and ITeS sector are as follows:
- In August 2021, Tata Consultancy Services was adjudged a leader in the NelsonHall NEAT for CX Services in Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI).
- In August 2021, SAP India and Microsoft announced the introduction of TechSaksham, a collaborative skilling initiative aimed at enabling young women (from underprivileged regions) to pursue careers in technology. 62,000 women students will be trained in artificial intelligence (AI), cloud computing, web design and digital marketing as a result of this collaboration.
- In August 2021, Startek, a business process management company, announced a plan to increase its minority stake in CSS Corp to reach a wider market. It also announced a plan to recruit >2,000 employees in India, in FY22.
- In July 2021, Wipro announced plans to invest US$ 1 billion over the next three years to expand its cloud technology capabilities through acquisitions and collaborations.
- In July 2021, Infosys announced that it has set up an Automotive Digital Technology and Innovation Centre in Stuttgart, Germany. Automotive IT infrastructure professionals stationed in Germany will transfer from Daimler AG to the new Digital Technology and Innovation Centre as part of Infosys' relationship with Daimler.
- In July 2021, TCS expanded its strategic partnership with Royal London, the largest mutual life insurance, pensions and investment company in the UK, to help the latter transform its pension platform estate and deliver market-leading services to members and customers.
- In July 2021, Tata Technologies partnered with Stratasys, a 3D printing technology company, to provide advanced additive manufacturing technologies to the Indian manufacturing ecosystem.
- In July 2021, Tech Mahindra Foundation and Wipro GE Healthcare have joined forced to offer skilling and upskilling courses to students and healthcare technicians.
- In July 2021, HCL announced a multi-year agreement with Fiskars Group, consisting of a family of lifestyle brands including Fiskars, Gerber, Iittala, Royal Copenhagen, Waterford and Wedgwood for digital transformation.
- In July 2021, TCS launched Jile 5.0, a key release of its Enterprise Agile, on-the-cloud services, planning and delivery tool that enables enterprises to meet the large-scale development needs of multiple distributed teams.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government to promote IT and ITeS sector in India are as follows:
- In August 2021, the Union Minister of State for Electronics and Information Technology, Mr. Rajeev Chandrasekhar, announced that the IT export target is set at US$ 400 billion for March 2022. In addition, the central government plans to focus in areas, such as cybersecurity, hyper-scale computing, artificial intelligence and blockchain.
- In September 2021, the Indian government announced a plan to build a cyber lab for the ‘Online Capacity Building Programme on Crime Investigation, Cyber Law and Digital Forensics’ to strengthen cyber security capabilities.
- In September 2021, the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) organised a workshop under the theme of ‘Connecting all Indians’, to promote public and private stakeholders’ interest in the country and expand internet access to remote areas.
- In September 2021, the Indian government launched the Meghalaya Enterprise Architecture Project (MeghEA), to boost service delivery and governance in the state by leveraging digital technologies, to make Meghalaya a high-income state by 2030.
- In September 2021, the Indian government launched Phase II of Visvesvaraya PhD Scheme to encourage research in 42 emerging technologies in Information Technology (IT), Electronics System Design & Manufacturing (ESDM) and Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES).
- In September 2021, the Indian government inaugurated five National Institute of Electronics & Information Technology (NIELIT) Centres, in three North Eastern states to boost availability of training centres and employment opportunities.
- In August 2021, the India Internet Governance Forum (IIGF) – 2021 was launched at Electronics Niketan in New Delhi by the National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI), the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and the Chairman of the Coordination Committee of the IIGF-2021. The event will take place over three days beginning October 20, 2021. The meeting's topic this year is Inclusive Internet for Digital India.
- On July 2, 2021, the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises launched six technology innovation platforms to develop technologies for globally competitive manufacturing in India. The six technology platforms have been developed by IIT Madras,Central Manufacturing Technology Institute (CMTI), International Centre for Automotive Technology(iCAT), Automotive Research Association of India(ARAI), BHEL and HMT in association with IIScBanglore.
- In Budget 2021, the government has allocated Rs. 53,108 crore (US$ 7.31 billion) to the IT and telecom sector.
- Department of Telecom, Government of India and Ministry of Communications, Government of Japan signed a MoU to enhance cooperation in areas of 5G technologies, telecom security and submarine optical fibre cable system.
India is the topmost offshoring destination for IT companies across the world. Having proven its capabilities in delivering both on-shore and off-shore services to global clients, emerging technologies now offer an entire new gamut of opportunities for top IT firms in India. The industry is expected to grow to US$ 350 billion by 2025 and BPM is expected to account for US$ 50 55 billion of the total revenue.
Note: Conversion rate used for September 2021 is Rs. 1 = US$ 0.014
Notes: * - As per Gartner, ^ - Artificial Intelligence
References: Media Reports, Press Information Bureau (PIB), Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), Department of Information and Technology, Union Budget 2021-22
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.