Trade Analytics
Infrastructure Sector in India
India requires investment worth Rs 50 trillion (US$ 777.73 billion) in infrastructure by 2022.

Infrastructure Sector in India

Latest update: June, 2018

  • Cumulative FDI inflows in the Construction Activities sector, which includes infrastructure, reached US$ 12.36 billion between April 2000 – December 2017.
  • Cumulative FDI inflows in the Construction Development sector, which includes townships, built-up infrastructure and construction- development projects, reached US$ 24.67 billion between April 2000 – December 2017.
  • In January 2018, the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) partnered with UAE-based DP World to create a platform that will mobilise investments worth US$ 3 billion into ports, terminals, transportation, and logistics businesses in India.
Growth

Notes: FDI – Foreign Direct Investment, * up to December 2017
Source: DIPP, Media sources, Aranca research

  • Value of total roads and bridges infrastructure in India is estimated to have expanded at a CAGR of 13.6 per cent over FY09–17 to US$ 19.2 billion
  • In Union Budget 2018-19, Rs 71,000 crore (US$ 10.97 billion) was allocated for national highways while Rs 19,000 crore (US$ 2.94 billion) was allocated to Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) for development of roads in rural and backward areas of the country.
  • Highway network in the country is expected to cover 50,0000 km by 2019. National highway construction in India increased by 20 per cent year-on-year in 2017-18.
  • In December 2017, the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) created the National Highways Investment Promotion Cell (NHIPC) to attract foreign and domestic investments towards highway projects in India.
Growth

Notes: FY - Financial Year, F - Forecast
Source: Business Monitor International (BMI), Ministry of External Affairs, Union Budget 2018-19

 

Last Updated: June, 2018

Introduction

Infrastructure sector is a key driver for the Indian economy. The sector is highly responsible for propelling India’s overall development and enjoys intense focus from Government for initiating policies that would ensure time-bound creation of world class infrastructure in the country. Infrastructure sector includes power, bridges, dams, roads and urban infrastructure development. In 2016, India jumped 19 places in World Bank's Logistics Performance Index (LPI) 2016, to rank 35th amongst 160 countries.

Market Size

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) received in Construction Development sector (townships, housing, built up infrastructure and construction development projects) from April 2000 to December 2017 stood at US$ 24.67 billion, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). The logistics sector in India is expected to increase at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.5 per cent, from US$ 160 billion in 2017 to US$ 215 billion by 2020.

Investments

India has a requirement of investment worth Rs 50 trillion (US$ 777.73 billion) in infrastructure by 2022 to have sustainable development in the country. India is witnessing significant interest from international investors in the infrastructure space. Some key investments in the sector are listed below.

  • In June 2018, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has announced US$ 200 million investment into the National Investment & Infrastructure Fund (NIIF).
  • Private equity and venture capital (PE/VC) investments in the infrastructure sector reached US$ 3.3 billion with 25 deals during January-May 2018.
  • Indian infrastructure sector witnessed 91 M&A deals worth US$ 5.4 billion in 2017
  • In February 2018, the Government of India signed a loan agreement worth US$ 345 million with the New Development Bank (NDB) for the Rajasthan Water Sector Restructuring Project for desert areas.
  • In January 2018, the National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) partnered with UAE-based DP World to create a platform that will mobilise investments worth US$ 3 billion into ports, terminals, transportation, and logistics businesses in India.

Government Initiatives

The Government of India is expected to invest highly in the infrastructure sector, mainly highways, renewable energy and urban transport, prior to the general elections in 2019.

The Government of India is taking every possible initiative to boost the infrastructure sector. Some of the steps taken in the recent past are being discussed hereafter.

  • Announcements in Union Budget 2018-19:
    • Massive push to the infrastructure sector by allocating Rs 5.97 lakh crore (US$ 92.22 billion) for the sector.
    • Railways received the highest ever budgetary allocation of Rs 1.48 trillion (US$ 22.86 billion).
    • Rs 16,000 crore (US$2.47 billion) towards Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana (Saubhagya) scheme. The scheme aims to achieve universal household electrification in the country.
    • Rs 4,200 crore (US$ 648.75 billion) to increase capacity of Green Energy Corridor Project along with other wind and solar power projects.
    • Allocation of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.55 billion) to boost telecom infrastructure.
  • A new committee to lay down standards for metro rail systems was approved in June 2018.
  • Rs 2.05 lakh crore (US$ 31.81 billion) will be invested in the smart cities mission. All 100 cities have been selected as of June 2018.
  • Contracts awarded under the Smart Cities Mission would show results by June 2018 as the work is already in full swing, according to Mr Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India.
  • The Government of India is working to ensure a good living habitat for the poor in the country and has launched new flagship urban missions like the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban), Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT), and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) under the urban habitat model, according to Mr Hardeep Singh Puri, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Housing

Road Ahead

India’s national highway network is expected to cover 50,000 kilometres by 2019, with around 20,000 km of works scheduled for completion in the next couple of years, according to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

The Government of India is devising a plan to provide wifi facility to 550,000 villages by March 2019 for an estimated cost of Rs 3,700 crore (US$ 577.88 million), as per the Department of Telecommunications, Government of India.

India and Japan have joined hands for infrastructure development in India's north-eastern states and are also setting up an India-Japan Coordination Forum for Development of North East to undertake strategic infrastructure projects in the northeast.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0155 as of March 30, 2018.

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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