The insurance industry of India has 57 insurance companies 24 are in the life insurance business, while 34 are non-life insurers. Among the life insurers, Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) is the sole public sector company. There are six public sector insurers in the non-life insurance segment. In addition to these, there is a sole national re-insurer, namely General Insurance Corporation of India (GIC Re). Other stakeholders in the Indian Insurance market include agents (individual and corporate), brokers, surveyors and third-party administrators servicing health insurance claims.
In India, the overall market size of the insurance sector is expected to US$ 280 billion in 2020.
The life insurance industry is expected to increase at a CAGR of 5.3% between 2019 and 2023. India’s insurance penetration was pegged at 4.2% in FY21, with life insurance penetration at 3.2% and non-life insurance penetration at 1.0%. In terms of insurance density, India’s overall density stood at US$ 78 in FY21.
In the first half of FY22, the life insurance industry recorded growth rate of 5.8% compared with 0.8% in the same period last year.
In September 2021, new premiums of life insurers registered 22.2% growth in September 2021, up from 2.9% in September 2020.
Between April 2021 and September 2021, gross premiums written off by non-life insurers reached Rs. 108,705.3 crore (US$ 14.47 billion), an increase of 12.8% over the same period in FY21.
The market share of private sector companies in the general and health insurance market increased from 47.97% in FY19 to 48.03% in FY20. In the life insurance segment, private players held a market share of 33.78% in premium underwritten services in FY20.
In FY22*, premiums from new businesses of life insurance companies in India stood at US$ 13.6 billion and renewable premium stood at US$ 53.7 billion.
In July 2021, non-life insurance premium stood at Rs. 20,171 crore (US$ 2.71 billion), an increase of 19.5% YoY, as compared with Rs. 16,885 crore (US$ 2.26 billion) in July 2020. The growth was driven by strong performance from health and motor segments.
In July 2021, standalone private health issuers registered a premium growth of Rs. 1,753 crore (US$ 235.11 million), an increase of 27.5% YoY.
In India, gross premiums written of non-life insurers reached US$ 26.52 billion in FY21 (between April 2020 and March 2021), from US$ 26.49 billion in FY20 (between April 2019 and March 2020), driven by strong growth from general insurance companies. Gross direct premium of non-life insurance companies rose 11.4% on a yearly basis to Rs. 12,316.50 crore (1.6 billion) in May 2021. The general insurance industry is expected to increase by 7-9% in terms of gross direct premium income in FY22, backed by healthy growth from the health and motor segments.
In August 2021, the premium in the general insurance industry increased by 24% YoY.
Six standalone private sector health insurance companies registered a jump of 66.6% in their gross premium at Rs 1,406.64 crore (US$ 191.84 million) in May 2021, as against Rs. 844.13 crore (US$ 115.12 million) earlier.
In March 2021, health insurance companies in the non-life insurance sector increased by 41%, driven by rising demand for health insurance products amid COVID-19 surge.
In July 2021, non-life insurers’ premium, which include general, standalone and specialised public-sector, recorded 19.46% YoY growth and reached Rs. 20,171.15 crore (US$ 2.71 billion) against Rs. 16,885 crore (US$ 2.27 billion) in the same month last year.
According to S&P Global Market Intelligence data, India is the second-largest insurance technology market in Asia-Pacific, accounting for 35% of the US$ 3.66 billion insurtech-focused venture investments made in the country.
Investments and Recent Developments
The following are some of the major investments and developments in the Indian insurance sector.
The Government of India has taken number of initiatives to boost the insurance industry. Some of them are as follows:
The future looks promising for the life insurance industry with several changes in regulatory framework which will lead to further change in the way the industry conducts its business and engages with its customers.
The overall insurance industry is expected to reach US$ 280 billion by the end of 2020. Life insurance industry in the country is expected to increase by 14-15% annually for the next three to five years.
The scope of IoT in Indian insurance market continues to go beyond telematics and customer risk assessment. Currently, there are 110+ InsurTech start-ups operating in India.
Demographic factors such as growing middle class, young insurable population and growing awareness of the need for protection and retirement planning will support the growth of Indian life insurance.
Note: Conversion rate used for September 2021 is Rs. 1 = US$ 0.014, *- New Business Premium Value is until August 2021, Renewable Premium Value in India is until March 2021 (FY21)
References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Press Information Bureau, Union Budget 2021-22, Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDA), Crisil
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
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