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India is expected to have the fourth largest auto components industry by 2025.

Auto Components Industry in India

Latest update: June, 2020

Last Updated: June, 2020

Indian Auto Components Industry Report  (Size: 760.93 KB ) (June, 2020)

Introduction

The Indian auto-components industry has experienced healthy growth over the last few years. The auto-components industry expanded 10.6 per cent to reach US$ 56.52 billion in FY19.

Auto-components industry account for 2.3 per cent of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs as many as 1.5 million people directly and indirectly each. A stable government framework, increased purchasing power, large domestic market, and an ever-increasing development in infrastructure have made India a favourable destination for investment.

Market Size

The industry can be broadly classified into organised and unorganised sectors. The organised sector caters to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and consist of high-value precision instruments while the unorganised sector comprises low-valued products and caters mostly to the aftermarket category.

Automobile component industry’s revenue stood at US$ 56.52 billion in FY19, up from US$ 35 billion in FY14. As per Automobile Component Manufacturers Association (ACMA), automobile components export from India is expected to reach US$ 80 billion by 2026. The Indian auto components industry aims to achieve US$ 200 billion in revenue by 2026. Turnover of the industry stood at Rs 1.79 lakh crore (US$ 25.61 billion) in FY20 (till September 2019) and export of auto components grew 2.7 per cent to reach Rs 51,397 crore (US$ 7.35 billion) during the same time.

Investments

The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow into Indian automotive* industry during the period April 2000–March 2020 stood at US$ 24.21 billion as per the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

Some of the recent investments made/planned in the Indian auto components sector is as follows:

  • In February 2020, National Engineering Industries Ltd (NEIL) announced investment of Rs 100 crore (US$ 14.31 million) over the next three years for producing needle roller bearing at its Jaipur facility.
  • In January 2020, Tata AutoComp Systems entered a joint venture (JV) with Beijing-based Prestolite Electric to enter the electric vehicle (EV) components market.
  • In October 2019, Minda Industries acquired Germany-based automotive lamps firm Delvis Gmbh along with two of its subsidiaries for Rs 164 crore (US$ 23.47 million).
  • In August 2019, Eaton partnered with Pune-headquartered technology firm KPIT.
  • In April 2019, Durr, a German automotive painting and sealing company, entered a partnership with Patvin to provide automated painting solutions for two or three wheelers and agricultural machinery for the Indian markets.
  • As of January 2019, Lite Auto Components Pvt Ltd, a part of Hindustan Magnesium Products Pvt Ltd, planned to invest Rs 500 crore (US$ 69.30 million) to set up Magnesium-based manufacturing plant in Andhra Pradesh.

Achievements

Following are Government’s achievements in the past four years:

  • Production of two wheelers, passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles and three wheelers reached 21.03 million, 3.43 million, 0.75 million, and 1.13 million, respectively, in FY20.
  • FAME – India Scheme formulated by Department of Heavy Industry, led to a continuous increase in registered OEMs and vehicle models. Also, the scheme enhanced the sales of EVs and about 261,507 electric/hybrid vehicles were supported under the scheme up to December 6, 2018. In February 2019, the Government approved FAME-II scheme with a fund requirement of Rs 10,000 crore (US$ 1.39 billion) for FY20-22.
  • Under National Automotive Testing and research and development (R&D) Infrastructure Project (NATRiP), various facilities including passive safety labs comprising of crash core facility and crash instrumentations including dummies were established at ICAT-Manesar and ARAI-Pune.
  • To give a fresh thrust to E-mobility in public transport, Department of Heavy Industry announced the launch of public and shared mobility based on electric powertrain.

Government Initiatives

The Government of India’s Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2006–2016 has come a long way in ensuring growth for the sector. Indian Automobile industry is expected to achieve a turnover of US$ 300 billion by 2026 and will grow at a CAGR of 15 per cent from its current revenue of US$ 74 billion.

As per the Union Budget 2019-20, Government moved GST council to lower the GST rate on EVs from 12 per cent to 5 per cent. Also, to make EVs affordable to consumers, Government will provide additional income tax deduction of Rs 1.5 lakh (US$ 2,115) on the interest paid on loans taken to purchase EVs.

Government has come out with Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2016-26 which will help the automotive industry to grow and will benefit Indian economy in the following ways: -

  • Contribution of auto industry in the country’s GDP will rise to over 12 per cent.
  • Around 65 million incremental number of direct and indirect jobs will be created.
  • End of life Policy will be implemented for old vehicles.

Road Ahead

The rapidly globalising world is opening newer opportunities for the transportation industry, especially while it makes a shift towards electric, electronic and hybrid cars, which are deemed more efficient, safe, and reliable mode of transportation. Over the next decade, this will lead to newer verticals and opportunities for auto-component manufacturers, who would need to adapt change via systematic R&D.

As per ACMA forecasts, automobile component export from India is expected to reach US$ 80 billion by 2026.

The Indian auto-components industry is set to become the third largest in the world by 2025. Indian auto-component makers are well positioned to benefit from the globalisation of the sector as export potential could be increased by up to US$ 30 billion by 2021E.

Note: Conversion rate used in April 2020, Rs 1 = US$ 0.013123

Note: * - Includes automobile and auto-components, E – Estimated, SAMARTH - Smart & Advanced Manufacturing and Rapid Transformation Hub

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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