Trade Analytics
Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy Industry in India

Latest update: March, 2018

  • India accounts for approximately 4% of the total global electricity generation and contributes 4.43 per cent to the global renewable generation capacity amounting to 2,011 GW in 2016
  • The International Energy Agency’s World Energy Outlook projects a growth of renewable energy supply to 4,550 GW in 2040 on a global basis.
  • As of July 2017, total renewable power generation installed capacity in the country stood at 103.92 GW, which is 31.2 per cent of the total installed capacity
  • Hydro power forms the largest source of energy constituting over 43 per cent of the total renewable power generation installed capacity
  • A hydro power revival policy is in underway which amongst others is likely to include the classification of all hydro power projects as renewable energy

Note: GW - Gigawatt
Source: CEA, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)

Growth
  • Among the different sources of renewable power in India, the CAGR in installed capacity over FY07–*FY18 was
  • 2.32 per cent for hydro power
  • 20.12 per cent for other renewable energy sources, supported by the commencement of solar capacity addition since 2012
  • The Government of India is projecting a rapid 17.04% CAGR increase in other RES installed capacity to 275 GW by 2027 supported by a surge in solar power capacity addition.

Notes: CAGR - Compound Annual Growth Rate, GW - Gigawatt
Source: CEA, India Solar Handbook 2017

Growth

 

Last Updated: March, 2018

Renewable Energy Sectoral Report | March, 2018

Introduction

The Indian renewable energy sector is the second most attractive1 renewable energy market in the world. The country ranks fourth2 in the world in terms of total installed wind power capacity. India added 11.788 GW of power generation capacity from renewable sources between January – November 2017. The focus of Government of India has shifted to clean energy after it ratified the Paris Agreement. With the increased support of government and improved economics, the sector has become attractive from investors perspective. As India looks to meet its energy demand on its own, which is expected to reach 15,820 TWh by 2040, renewable energy is set to play an important role.

Market Size

Total installed renewable energy capacity (including large hydro projects) in India touched 107.81 GW as of February 2018, which is around 32.26 per cent of total energy capacity of the country (334.15 GW).

During December 2017, total installed wind power capacity in the renewables mix* stood at 32.85 GW (52.27 per cent), while solar power capacity was 17.05 GW (27.13 per cent). Total solar capacity in India is expected to be 8 per cent of global solar capacity by 2035.

With a potential capacity of 363 gigawatts (GW) and with policies focused on the renewable energy sector, Northern India is expected to become the hub for renewable energy in India.3

Investments/ Developments

According to data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), FDI inflows in the Indian non-conventional energy sector between April 2000 and December 2017 stood at US$ 6.26 billion.

The Central Electricity Authority (CEA) expects investment in India's power transmission sector to reach Rs 2.6 trillion (US$ 40.3 billion) during the 13th plan (2017-22), and to enhance the transmission capacity of the inter-regional links by 45,700 megawatt (MW).

Some major investments and developments in the Indian renewable energy sector are as follows:

  • In March 2018, ReNew Power finalised a deal estimated at US$ 1.55 billion to acquire Ostro Energy and make it the largest renewable energy company in India.
  • World’s largest solar park named ‘Shakti Sthala’ was launched in Karnataka in March 2018 with an investment of Rs 16,500 crore (US$ 2.55 billion).
  • Solar sector in India received investments of over US$ 10 billion in CY 2017.
  • Private Equity (PE) investments in India's wind and solar power have increased by 47 per cent in 2017 (January 1 to September 25) to US$ 920 million, across nine deals, as compared to US$ 630 million coming from 10 deals during the corresponding period in 2016**.
  • Adani Group from India was ranked as the 12th largest utility solar power developer in the world4 in January 2018.
  • NLC India Ltd commissioned its 130 MW solar power project in Tamil Nadu in January 2018.
  • In December 2017, IL&FS Financial Services Ltd partnered with Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) Bank Ltd to finance nine hydropower projects in J&K with a total capacity of 2,000 MW, which require financing of around Rs 20,000 crore (US$ 3.12 billion).
  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Punjab National Bank (PNB) have signed a financing loan worth US$ 100 million, which will be used to support solar rooftop projects on commercial and industrial buildings across India.

Government initiatives

Some initiatives by the Government of India to boost the Indian renewable energy sector are as follows:

  • In December 2017, a new policy was released for testing, standardisation and certification of products used in the renewable energy sector to address quality issues and develop standards as per international practices.
  • Around 4.96 million household size biogas plants were installed in the country under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP) by 2016-17 end.
  • The Government of India has announced plans to implement a US$ 238 million National Mission on advanced ultra-supercritical technologies for cleaner coal utilisation.
  • The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has decided to provide custom and excise duty benefits to the solar rooftop sector, which in turn will lower the cost of setting up as well as generate power, thus boosting growth.
  • The Indian Railways is taking increased efforts through sustained energy efficient measures and maximum use of clean fuel to cut down emission level by 33 per cent by 2030.
  • The Union Cabinet has approved raising of bonds worth Rs 2,360 crore (US$ 366.2 million) by the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA), which will be used in various renewable energy projects in FY 2017-18.
  • The Union Cabinet has approved construction of 10 units of indigenous Pressurized Heavy Water Reactors (PHWR), with a nuclear capacity of 700 MW each, which is expected to bring substantial economies of scale and maximise cost and time efficiencies, and thereby boost India’s nuclear industry.

Road Ahead

The Government of India is committed to increased use of clean energy sources and is already undertaking various large-scale sustainable power projects and promoting green energy heavily. In addition, renewable energy has the potential to create many employment opportunities at all levels, especially in rural areas. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set an ambitious target to set up renewable energy capacities to the tune of 175 GW by 2022 of which about 100 GW is planned for solar, 60 for wind and other for hydro, bio among other. India will need investments of around US$ 125 billion to reach this target.

It is expected that by the year 2040, around 49 per cent of the total electricity will be generated by the renewable energy, as more efficient batteries will be used to store electricity which will further cut the solar energy cost by 66 per cent as compared to the current cost.* Use of renewables in place of coal will save India Rs 54,000 crore (US$ 8.43 billion) annually5.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.015 as on March 04, 2018

References: Media Reports, Press Information Bureau (PIB)

Note: * Capacity from RES is 62.85 GW as of December 2017, 1- According to Renewable Energy Country Attractiveness index by EY; 2- As per data from the Economic Survey; 3- As per the Confederation of Indian Industry's (CII) report titled 'State Renewable Energy Policies: A Comparative Study' ;*According to the Bloomberg New Energy Outlook 2017; ** Data from Venture Intelligence; 4 – as per Greentech Media; 5 – Greenpeace India

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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