Last Updated: April 21, 2015
Updated: February, 2015
SECTORAL REPORT | October, 2014
The Indian pharmaceuticals market is third largest in terms of volume and thirteen largest in terms of value, as per a pharmaceuticals sector analysis report by equity master. The market is dominated majorly by branded generics which constitute nearly 70 to 80 per cent of the market. Considered to be a highly fragmented industry,consolidation has increasingly become an important feature of the Indian pharmaceutical market.
India has achieved an eminent global position in pharma sector. The country also has a huge pool of scientists and engineers who have the potential to take the industry to a very high level.
The UN-backed Medicines Patents Pool has signed six sub-licences with Aurobindo, Cipla, Desano, Emcure, Hetero Labs and Laurus Labs, allowing them to make generic anti-AIDS medicine Tenofovir Alafenamide (TAF) for 112 developing countries.
The Indian pharmaceutical industry is estimated to grow at 20 per cent compound annual growth rate (CAGR) over the next five years, as per India Ratings, a Fitch Group company. Indian pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities registered with US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as on March 2014 was the highest at 523 for any country outside the US.
We expect the domestic pharma market to grow at 10-12 per cent in FY15 as compared to 9 per cent in FY14, as per a recent report from Centrum Broking. The domestic pharma growth rate was 11.9 per cent in October 2014, highlighted the report.
Gujarat clocked the highest growth rate in pharmaceuticals market at 22.4 per cent during November 2014, surpassing the industry growth rate, which grew by 10.9 per cent, as per data from the market research firm AIOCD Pharma softtech AWACS.
Also, growing at an average rate of about 20 per cent, India's biotechnology industry comprising bio-pharmaceuticals, bio-services, bio-agriculture, bio-industry and bioinformatics may reach the US$ 7 billion mark by the end of FY15, according to an industry body. Biopharma is the largest sector contributing about 62 per cent of the total revenue, with revenue generation to the tune of over Rs 12,600 crore (US$ 2.03 billion). The bio-pharma sector comprises vaccines, therapeutics and diagnostics.
The Union Cabinet has given its approval to amend the existing FDI policy in the pharmaceutical sector in order to cover medical devices. The Cabinet has allowed FDI up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for manufacturing of medical devices subject to specified conditions.
The drugs and pharmaceuticals sector attracted cumulative foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows worth US$ 12,813.02 million between April 2000 and December 2014, according to data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
Some of the major investments in the Indian pharmaceutical sector are as follows:
The Addendum 2015 of the Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP) 2014 is published by the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) on behalf of the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. The addendum would play a significant role in improving the quality of medicines which in turn promote public health and accelerate the growth and development of pharma sector.
The Government of India has unveiled 'Pharma Vision 2020' aimed at making India a global leader in end-to-end drug manufacture. It has reduced approval time for new facilities to boost investments. Further, the government has also put in place mechanisms such as the Drug Price Control Order and the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority to address the issue of affordability and availability of medicines.
Romania is keen to tie up with the Indian pharmaceutical companies for research and develop new drugs. "Romania will collaborate with India for license acquisition to sale India's drugs in Europe," said Mr Mario Crute, Counselor in Ministry of health in Romania at GCCI. The country will tie up with the Indian pharmaceutical companies for research and develop new drugs.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote the pharmaceutical sector in India are as follows:
The Indian pharma market size is expected to grow to US$ 85 billion by 2020. The growth in Indian domestic market will be on back of increasing consumer spending, rapid urbanisation, raising healthcare insurance and so on.
Going forward, better growth in domestic sales will depend on the ability of companies to align their product portfolio towards chronic therapies for diseases such as such as cardiovascular, anti-diabetes, anti-depressants and anti-cancers are on the rise.
Moreover, the government has been taking several cost effective measures in order to bring down healthcare expenses. Thus, governments are focusing on speedy introduction of generic drugs into the market. This too will benefit Indian pharma companies. In addition, the thrust on rural health programmes, life saving drugs and preventive vaccines also augurs well for the pharma companies.
Exchange rate used INR 1= US$ 0.016 as on February 26, 2015
References: Consolidated FDI Policy, Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), Press Information Bureau (PIB), Media Reports, Pharmaceuticals Export Promotion Council
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
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