Indian Power Sector Analysis

India's power requirement is estimated to be 1,650.59 BUs in FY23, up from 1,275.53 BUs in FY21.

Advantage India

Growing
Demand

* India is the third-largest producer and consumer of electricity worldwide, with an installed power capacity of 408.71 GW as of October 31, 2022.

* Growing population along with increasing electrification and per-capita usage will provide further impetus. Power consumption is estimated to reach 1,894.7 TWh in 2022.

Attractive
Opportunities

* Under the Union Budget 2022-23, the government announced the issuance of sovereign green bonds, as well as conferring infrastructure status to energy storage systems, including grid-scale battery systems.

* In the same budget, Rs. 19,500 crore (US$ 2.57 billion) was allocated for a PLI scheme to boost manufacturing of high-efficiency solar modules.

Policy
Support

* 100% FDI allowed in the power sector has boosted FDI inflow in this sector.

* Schemes such as Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) and Integrated Power Development Scheme (IPDS) are expected to augment electrification across the country.

Higher
investments

* As per the National Infrastructure Pipeline 2019-25, energy sector projects accounted for the highest share (24%) out of the total expected capital expenditure of Rs. 111 lakh crore (US$ 1.4 trillion).

* Total FDI inflow in the power sector reached US$ 16.39 billion between April 2000-June 2022.

Last updated: Dec, 2022

Top Power Producing States in India

  • Gujarat
  • Maharashtra
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Rajasthan
  • Karnataka
  • Uttar Pradesh
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